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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Nightjars

Scientific system: Clements et al.

Familia: Caprimulgidae

You can get "Checklist of the Nightjars of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


The family of Nightjars is found all over the world, with the exception of the colder areas and New Zealand. The body length is between 19 cm and 30 cm, but elongated wing feathers appear in two species. Nightjars have long wings and tails, but their legs, toes, and claws are small. The beak is also small, but the throat is very wide. They are crepuscular and nocturnal and sit motionless on the ground or on a branch during the day. They feed on insects that they prey on in flight. The eggs are usually laid directly on the ground. There are also species among the nightjars that hibernate.

Eurostopodus

     argus - Spotted Nightjar (2)
     nigripennis - Solomons Nightjar
     exul - New Caledonian Nightjar (1)
     mystacalis - White-throated Nightjar (4)
     diabolicus - Satanic Nightjar (1)
     papuensis - Papuan Nightjar
     archboldi - Cloud-forest Nightjar

Lyncornis

     temminckii - Malaysian Eared Nightjar (1)
     macrotis - Great Eared Nightjar (4)

Gactornis

     enarratus - Collared Nightjar (2)

Chordeiles

     nacunda - Nacunda Nighthawk (4)
     pusillus - Least Nighthawk (1)
     rupestris - Sand-colored Nighthawk (2)
     acutipennis - Lesser Nighthawk (3)
     minor - Common Nighthawk (6)
     gundlachii - Antillean Nighthawk (1)

Lurocalis

     semitorquatus - Short-tailed Nighthawk (2)
     rufiventris - Rufous-bellied Nighthawk (1)

Nyctiprogne

     leucopyga - Band-tailed Nighthawk (2)
     vielliardi - Bahia Nighthawk

Nyctipolus

     nigrescens - Blackish Nightjar (1)
     hirundinaceus - Pygmy Nightjar (2)

Systellura

     longirostris - Band-winged Nightjar (2)
     decussata - Tschudi's Nightjar

Nyctidromus

     albicollis - Pauraque (4)
     anthonyi - Anthony's Nightjar

Eleothreptus

     candicans - White-winged Nightjar
     anomalus - Sickle-winged Nightjar (4)

Uropsalis

     segmentata - Swallow-tailed Nightjar (1)
     lyra - Lyre-tailed Nightjar (1)

Setopagis

     heterura - Todd's Nightjar
     parvula - Little Nightjar (1)
     whitelyi - Roraiman Nightjar (2)
     maculosa - Cayenne Nightjar

Hydropsalis

     cayennensis - White-tailed Nightjar (2)
     maculicaudus - Spot-tailed Nightjar (1)
     climacocerca - Ladder-tailed Nightjar (4)
     torquata - Scissor-tailed Nightjar (4)

Macropsalis

     forcipata - Long-trained Nightjar (3)

Siphonorhis

     americana - Jamaican Pauraque (2)
     brewsteri - Least Poorwill (1)

Nyctiphrynus

     mcleodii - Eared Poorwill (2)
     yucatanicus - Yucatan Poorwill (2)
     ocellatus - Ocellated Poorwill (2)
     rosenbergi - Choco Poorwill

Phalaenoptilus

     nuttallii - Common Poorwill (2)

Antrostomus

     carolinensis - Chuck-will's-widow (3)
     rufus - Rufous Nightjar (2)
     cubanensis - Greater Antillean Nightjar (2)
     salvini - Tawny-collared Nightjar (2)
     badius - Yucatan Nightjar (1)
     sericocaudatus - Silky-tailed Nightjar (1)
     ridgwayi - Buff-collared Nightjar (1)
     vociferus - Eastern Whip-poor-will (6)
     saturatus - Dusky Nightjar (1)
     arizonae - Mexican Whip-poor-will (1)
     noctitherus - Puerto Rican Nightjar (1)

Caprimulgus

     vexillarius - Pennant-winged Nightjar (2)
     longipennis - Standard-winged Nightjar (2)
     binotatus - Brown Nightjar (1)
     ruficollis - Red-necked Nightjar (4)
     indicus - Jungle Nightjar (2)
     jotaka - Gray Nightjar (1)
     phalaena - Palau Nightjar
     europaeus - European Nightjar (11)
     fraenatus - Sombre Nightjar (1)
     rufigena - Rufous-cheeked Nightjar (1)
     aegyptius - Egyptian Nightjar (4)
     nubicus - Nubian Nightjar (3)
     mahrattensis - Sykes's Nightjar (1)
     centralasicus - Vaurie's Nightjar (1)
     eximius - Golden Nightjar (2)
     macrurus - Large-tailed Nightjar (5)
     andamanicus - Andaman Nightjar (2)
     meesi - Mees's Nightjar
     atripennis - Jerdon's Nightjar (1)
     manillensis - Philippine Nightjar (1)
     celebensis - Sulawesi Nightjar (1)
     donaldsoni - Donaldson-Smith's Nightjar (1)
     nigriscapularis - Black-shouldered Nightjar (1)
     pectoralis - Fiery-necked Nightjar (3)
     poliocephalus - Abyssinian Nightjar (3)
     ruwenzorii - Montane Nightjar (1)
     asiaticus - Indian Nightjar (2)
     madagascariensis - Madagascar Nightjar (4)
     natalensis - Swamp Nightjar (1)
     inornatus - Plain Nightjar (1)
     stellatus - Star-spotted Nightjar (2)
     solala - Nechisar Nightjar (1)
     affinis - Savanna Nightjar (1)
     tristigma - Freckled Nightjar (3)
     concretus - Bonaparte's Nightjar (1)
     pulchellus - Salvadori's Nightjar (1)
     prigoginei - Prigogine's Nightjar (1)
     batesi - Bates's Nightjar (1)
     climacurus - Long-tailed Nightjar (2)
     clarus - Slender-tailed Nightjar (1)
     fossii - Square-tailed Nightjar (2)

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