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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Gnateaters

Scientific system: Clements et al.

Familia: Conopophagidae

You can get "Checklist of the Gnateaters of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


The family of Gnateaters is restricted to Central America and South America. The body size is between 12 cm and 19 cm. The small birds have a plump body, a very short tail, slender half-length legs with long toes. The bill is quite broad and flat. Their habitat are forests, where they live as shy, secret and solitary inhabitants. They mainly feed on insects, which they catch from a perch on the ground. The nest is cup-shaped and is built at a low height. It has been observed that at least one species is able to simulate an injury and thus lure predators away from the nest.

Pittasoma

     michleri - Black-crowned Antpitta (2)
     rufopileatum - Rufous-crowned Antpitta (4)

Conopophaga

     melanogaster - Black-bellied Gnateater (2)
     melanops - Black-cheeked Gnateater (4)
     aurita - Chestnut-belted Gnateater (3)
     peruviana - Ash-throated Gnateater (1)
     cearae - Ceara Gnateater (1)
     roberti - Hooded Gnateater (2)
     lineata - Rufous Gnateater (3)
     castaneiceps - Chestnut-crowned Gnateater (4)
     ardesiaca - Slaty Gnateater

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