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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Cormorants

Scientific system: Clements et al.

Familia: Phalacrocoracidae

You can get "Checklist of the Cormorants of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


The cormorant family are gregarious freshwater or marine birds found on every continent. The body length is 50 cm to 100 cm. They have short legs with large webbed feet. They have a long neck and a slender beak with a curved tip. They dive from the surface of the water and can stay underwater for minutes. The caught fish are thrown into the air and devoured head first.

Microcarbo

     melanoleucos - Little Pied Cormorant (4)
     africanus - Reed Cormorant (8)
     coronatus - Crowned Cormorant (6)
     niger - Little Cormorant (2)
     pygmeus - Pygmy Cormorant (4)

Phalacrocorax

     gaimardi - Red-legged Shag (2)
     penicillatus - Brandt's Cormorant (5)
     urile - Red-faced Shag (4)
     pelagicus - Pelagic Shag (2)
     perspicillatus - Pallas's Cormorant (3)
     carbo - Great Cormorant (22)
     capillatus - Japanese Cormorant (3)
     capensis - Cape Cormorant (6)
     neglectus - Bank Cormorant (2)
     nigrogularis - Socotra Cormorant (2)
     fuscicollis - Indian Cormorant (1)
     punctatus - Spotted Shag (2)
     featherstoni - Pitt Shag (2)
     sulcirostris - Little Black Cormorant (4)
     varius - Australian Pied Cormorant (2)
     fuscescens - Black-faced Cormorant (2)
     aristotelis - European Shag (8)
     harrisi - Flightless Cormorant (4)
     brasilianus - Neotropic Cormorant (6)
     auritus - Double-crested Cormorant (10)
     magellanicus - Rock Shag (2)
     bougainvillii - Guanay Cormorant (1)
     ranfurlyi - Bounty Shag (3)
     carunculatus - Rough-faced Shag (1)
     chalconotus - Bronze Shag (2)
     onslowi - Chatham Shag (1)
     colensoi - Auckland Shag (1)
     campbelli - Campbell Shag (1)
     georgianus - South Georgia Shag (2)
     atriceps - Imperial Shag (5)
     bransfieldensis - Antarctic Shag (2)
     melanogenis - Crozet Shag (1)
     verrucosus - Kerguelen Shag (3)
     nivalis - Heard Island Shag (1)
     purpurascens - Macquarie Shag (2)

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