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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Cranes

Scientific system: Clements et al.

Familia: Gruidae

You can get "Checklist of the Cranes of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.

The family of Cranes occurs worldwide except for South America. The body size ranges from 90 cm to 175 cm. They have long legs, necks, and beaks, but short tails. The inner arm feathers are converted into overhanging ornamental feathers. They owe their loud voice to an extension of the windpipe into the breastbone. They are excellent gliders who fly with their necks outstretched. They feed on a variety of animal and vegetable foods. They build their nests on the ground or even in water. The 2 or 3 eggs are incubated by both partners and both also look after the young birds who flee the nest.


     regulorum - Grey Crowned Crane (7)
     pavonina - Black Crowned Crane (5)


     virgo - Demoiselle Crane (8)
     paradiseus - Blue Crane (9)


     carunculatus - Wattled Crane (5)


     leucogeranus - Siberian Crane (7)


     canadensis - Sandhill Crane (10)
     antigone - Sarus Crane (7)
     rubicunda - Brolga (5)
     vipio - White-naped Crane (9)


     grus - Common Crane (16)
     monacha - Hooded Crane (4)
     americana - Whooping Crane (9)
     nigricollis - Black-necked Crane (6)
     japonensis - Red-crowned Crane (6)

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