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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Ducks and Geese

Scientific system: Howard et al.

Familia: Anatidae

You can get "Checklist of the Ducks and Geese of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


The family of Ducks and Geese occurs in all continents of the world except in Antarctica. The birds grow up to 30 - 180 cm long and live essentially on the water. The front three toes are webbed, the fourth toe is small and shifted upwards. All species swim, some dive well. Most species fly well, only a few are flightless. However, shortly after the breeding season, the birds adopt simple plumage and shed all flight feathers, so that they are unable to fly for some time. The nests are very diverse: there are nests on the ground, in ground caves, in steep walls and in tree hollows. The clutch comprises 4 to 12 eggs, the incubation lasts between 3 and 5 weeks and the young leave the nest soon after hatching.

Dendrocygna

     viduata - White-faced Whistling Duck (8)
     autumnalis - Black-bellied Whistling Duck (5)
     guttata - Spotted Whistling Duck (5)
     arborea - West Indian Whistling Duck (4)
     bicolor - Fulvous Whistling Duck (7)
     eytoni - Plumed Whistling Duck (4)
     arcuata - Wandering Whistling Duck (5)
     javanica - Lesser Whistling Duck (2)

Thalassornis

     leuconotus - White-backed Duck (4)

Cereopsis

     novaehollandiae - Cape Barren Goose (7)

Anser

     cygnoides - Swan Goose (5)
     fabalis - Bean Goose (6)
     brachyrhynchus - Pink-footed Goose (5)
     albifrons - Greater White-fronted Goose (7)
     anser - Greylag Goose (11)
     erythropus - Lesser White-fronted Goose (6)
     indicus - Bar-headed Goose (5)
     canagicus - Emperor Goose (6)
     caerulescens - Snow Goose (6)
     rossii - Ross's Goose (3)

Branta

     canadensis - Canada Goose (17)
     sandvicensis - Nene (5)
     bernicla - Brant Goose (7)
     leucopsis - Barnacle Goose (5)
     ruficollis - Red-breasted Goose (5)

Coscoroba

     coscoroba - Coscoroba Swan (5)

Cygnus

     atratus - Black Swan (8)
     melanocoryphus - Black-necked Swan (4)
     olor - Mute Swan (12)
     buccinator - Trumpeter Swan (11)
     columbianus - Tundra Swan (8)
     cygnus - Whooper Swan (7)

Stictonetta

     naevosa - Freckled Duck (5)

Hymenolaimus

     malacorhynchos - Blue duck (3)

Tachyeres

     patachonicus - Flying Steamer Duck (5)
     pteneres - Fuegian Steamer Duck (3)
     brachypterus - Falkland Steamer Duck (3)
     leucocephalus - Chubut Steamer Duck (1)

Merganetta

     armata - Torrent Duck (4)

Plectropterus

     gambensis - Spur-winged Goose (8)

Sarkidiornis

     melanotos - Knob-billed Duck (4)

Cyanochen

     cyanopterus - Blue-winged Goose (3)

Alopochen

     aegyptiacus - Egyptian Goose (10)

Neochen

     jubata - Orinoco Goose (8)

Chloephaga

     melanoptera - Andean Goose (2)
     picta - Upland Goose (9)
     hybrida - Kelp Goose (3)
     poliocephala - Ashy-headed Goose (2)
     rubidiceps - Ruddy-headed Goose (2)

Tadorna

     tadorna - Common Shelduck (10)
     radjah - Raja Shelduck (5)
     ferruginea - Ruddy Shelduck (7)
     cana - South African Shelduck (7)
     tadornoides - Australian Shelduck (6)
     variegata - Paradise Shelduck (5)
     cristata - Crested Shelduck (5)

Malacorhynchus

     membranaceus - Pink-eared Duck (4)

Salvadorina

     waigiuensis - Salvadori's Teal (2)

Cairina

     moschata - Muscovy Duck (4)

Asacornis

     scutulata - White-winged Duck (3)

Pteronetta

     hartlaubii - Hartlaub's Duck (3)

Aix

     sponsa - Wood Duck (9)
     galericulata - Mandarin Duck (9)

Chenonetta

     jubata - Maned Duck (6)

Nettapus

     auritus - African Pygmy Goose (4)
     coromandelianus - Cotton Pygmy Goose (2)
     pulchellus - Green Pygmy Goose (3)

Amazonetta

     brasiliensis - Brazilian Teal (8)

Callonetta

     leucophrys - Ringed Teal (8)

Lophonetta

     specularioides - Crested Duck (4)

Speculanas

     specularis - Bronze-winged Duck (3)

Anas

     capensis - Cape Teal (6)
     strepera - Gadwall (12)
     falcata - Falcated Duck (5)
     sibilatrix - Chiloe Wigeon (6)
     penelope - Eurasian Wigeon (10)
     americana - American Wigeon (6)
     sparsa - African Black Duck (6)
     rubripes - American Black Duck (3)
     platyrhynchos - Mallard (18)
     fulvigula - Mottled Duck (4)
     wyvilliana - Hawaiian Duck (2)
     laysanensis - Laysan Duck (4)
     luzonica - Philippine Duck (2)
     superciliosa - Pacific Black Duck (5)
     poecilorhyncha - Indian Spot-billed Duck (4)
     undulata - Yellow-billed Duck (7)
     melleri - Meller's Duck (2)
     discors - Blue-winged Teal (7)
     cyanoptera - Cinnamon Teal (7)
     smithii - Cape Shoveler (7)
     platalea - Red Shoveler (3)
     rhynchotis - Australasian Shoveler (7)
     clypeata - Northern Shoveler (10)
     bernieri - Bernier's Teal (2)
     gibberifrons - Sunda Teal (5)
     gracilis - Grey Teal (3)
     castanea - Chestnut Teal (3)
     chlorotis - Brown Teal (2)
     aucklandica - Auckland Islands Teal (1)
     nesiotis - Campbell Islands Teal (1)
     bahamensis - White-cheeked Pintail (7)
     erythrorhyncha - Red-billed Teal (6)
     flavirostris - Speckled Teal (3)
     georgica - Yellow-billed Pintail (4)
     acuta - Northern Pintail (11)
     eatoni - Eaton's Pintail (2)
     querquedula - Garganey (8)
     formosa - Baikal Teal (8)
     crecca - Green-winged Teal (16)
     versicolor - Silver Teal (8)
     hottentota - Hottentot Teal (4)

Marmaronetta

     angustirostris - Marbled Duck (9)

Rhodonessa

     caryophyllacea - Pink-headed Duck (5)

Netta

     rufina - Red-crested Pochard (15)
     peposaca - Rosy-billed Pochard (4)
     erythrophthalma - Southern Pochard (5)

Aythya

     valisineria - Canvasback (10)
     americana - Redhead (4)
     ferina - Common Pochard (6)
     australis - Hardhead (7)
     innotata - Madagascar Pochard (2)
     baeri - Baer's Pochard (2)
     nyroca - Ferruginous Duck (9)
     novaeseelandiae - New Zealand Scaup (3)
     collaris - Ring-necked Duck (3)
     fuligula - Tufted Duck (11)
     marila - Greater Scaup (13)
     affinis - Lesser Scaup (8)

Polysticta

     stelleri - Steller's Eider (8)

Somateria

     fischeri - Spectacled Eider (11)
     spectabilis - King Eider (6)
     mollissima - Common Eider (8)

Histrionicus

     histrionicus - Harlequin Duck (11)

Camptorhynchus

     labradorius - Labrador Duck (7)

Melanitta

     perspicillata - Surf Scoter (9)
     fusca - Velvet Scoter (7)
     nigra - Black Scoter (7)

Clangula

     hyemalis - Long-tailed Duck (8)

Bucephala

     albeola - Bufflehead (7)
     clangula - Common Goldeneye (7)
     islandica - Barrow's Goldeneye (13)

Mergellus

     albellus - Smew (11)

Lophodytes

     cucullatus - Hooded Merganser (6)

Mergus

     australis - Auckland Islands Merganser (2)
     octosetaceus - Brazilian Merganser (2)
     merganser - Common Merganser (6)
     serrator - Red-breasted Merganser (6)
     squamatus - Scaly-sided Merganser (2)

Heteronetta

     atricapilla - Black-headed Duck (6)

Nomonyx

     dominica - Masked Duck (4)

Oxyura

     jamaicensis - Ruddy Duck (5)
     ferruginea - Andean Duck (3)
     vittata - Lake Duck (2)
     australis - Blue-billed Duck (3)
     maccoa - Maccoa Duck (5)
     leucocephala - White-headed Duck (4)

Biziura

     lobata - Musk Duck (6)

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