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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Sandpipers and Snipes

Scientific system: Howard et al.

Familia: Scolopacidae

You can get "Checklist of the Sandpipers and Snipes of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


The family of Snipes is distributed worldwide, most of the species are migratory birds that sometimes cover great distances. The body length ranges from 13 cm to 60 cm. They usually live near water and outside the breeding season often form large flocks on the seashore. The diet consists of small invertebrates. The young birds leave the nest immediately after hatching.

Scolopax

     rusticola - Eurasian Woodcock (6)
     mira - Amami Woodcock (1)
     saturata - Javan Woodcock (2)
     rosenbergii - New Guinea Woodcock
     bukidnonensis - Bukidnon Woodcock
     celebensis - Sulawesi Woodcock
     rochussenii - Moluccan Woodcock (1)
     minor - American Woodcock (4)

Coenocorypha

     pusilla - Chatham Snipe (1)
     aucklandica - New Zealand Snipe (7)

Lymnocryptes

     minimus - Jack Snipe (4)

Gallinago

     solitaria - Solitary Snipe (2)
     hardwickii - Latham's Snipe (2)
     nemoricola - Wood Snipe (3)
     stenura - Pin-tailed Snipe (3)
     megala - Swinhoe's Snipe (2)
     nigripennis - African Snipe (3)
     macrodactyla - Madagascar Snipe (1)
     media - Great Snipe (4)
     gallinago - Common Snipe (13)
     paraguaiae - South American Snipe (3)
     andina - Puna Snipe
     nobilis - Noble Snipe (1)
     undulata - Giant Snipe (1)
     stricklandii - Fuegian Snipe (2)
     jamesoni - Andean Snipe
     imperialis - Imperial Snipe (1)

Limnodromus

     griseus - Short-billed Dowitcher (5)
     scolopaceus - Long-billed Dowitcher (5)
     semipalmatus - Asian Dowitcher (2)

Limosa

     limosa - Black-tailed Godwit (11)
     haemastica - Hudsonian Godwit (3)
     lapponica - Bar-tailed Godwit (8)
     fedoa - Marbled Godwit (4)

Numenius

     minutus - Little Curlew (3)
     borealis - Eskimo Curlew (4)
     phaeopus - Whimbrel (12)
     tahitiensis - Bristle-thighed Curlew (4)
     tenuirostris - Slender-billed Curlew (2)
     arquata - Eurasian Curlew (7)
     madagascariensis - Eastern Curlew (2)
     americanus - Long-billed Curlew (6)

Bartramia

     longicauda - Upland Sandpiper (4)

Tringa

     erythropus - Spotted Redshank (6)
     totanus - Common Redshank (8)
     stagnatilis - Marsh Sandpiper (6)
     nebularia - Common Greenshank (8)
     guttifer - Nordmann's Greenshank (2)
     melanoleuca - Greater Yellowlegs (3)
     flavipes - Lesser Yellowlegs (6)
     ochropus - Green Sandpiper (4)
     solitaria - Solitary Sandpiper (5)
     glareola - Wood Sandpiper (9)

Xenus

     cinerea - Terek Sandpiper (4)

Actitis

     hypoleucos - Common Sandpiper (6)
     macularius - Spotted Sandpiper (6)

Heteroscelus

     brevipes - Grey-tailed Tattler (3)
     incanus - Wandering Tattler (6)

Catoptrophorus

     semipalmatus - Willet (5)

Aechmorhynchus

     cancellatus - Kiritimati Sandpiper (4)
     parvirostris - Tuamotu Sandpiper

Prosobonia

     leucoptera - Tahiti Sandpiper (3)
     ellisi - Moorea Sandpiper (1)

Arenaria

     interpres - Ruddy Turnstone (9)
     melanocephala - Black Turnstone (2)

Aphriza

     virgata - Surfbird (4)

Calidris

     tenuirostris - Great Knot (3)
     canutus - Red Knot (6)
     alba - Sanderling (9)
     pusilla - Semipalmated Sandpiper (5)
     mauri - Western Sandpiper (2)
     ruficollis - Red-necked Stint (2)
     minuta - Little Stint (4)
     temminckii - Temminck's Stint (3)
     subminuta - Long-toed Stint (1)
     minutilla - Least Sandpiper (4)
     fuscicollis - White-rumped Sandpiper (3)
     bairdii - Baird's Sandpiper (3)
     melanotos - Pectoral Sandpiper (6)
     acuminata - Sharp-tailed Sandpiper (4)
     ferruginea - Curlew Sandpiper (5)
     maritima - Purple Sandpiper (4)
     ptilocnemis - Rock Sandpiper (3)
     alpina - Dunlin (10)
     himantopus - Stilt Sandpiper (5)

Eurynorhynchus

     pygmeus - Spoon-billed Sandpiper (5)

Limicola

     falcinellus - Broad-billed Sandpiper (5)

Tryngites

     subruficollis - Buff-breasted Sandpiper (4)

Philomachus

     pugnax - Ruff (16)

Phalaropus

     tricolor - Wilson's Phalarope (7)
     lobatus - Red-necked Phalarope (5)
     fulicarius - Red Phalarope (8)

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