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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Gulls

Scientific system: Howard et al.

Familia: Laridae

You can get "Checklist of the Gulls of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


The family of Gulls is found worldwide, most of the species are migratory birds. The body length ranges from 20 cm to 75 cm. Gulls are strongly built, they have long, pointed wings and a rather long tail. Their feet are webbed. They are very good fliers who often sail or glide. They can also swim well, but few species dive. They often breed in large colonies.

Leucophaeus

     scoresbii - Dolphin Gull (2)

Larus

     pacificus - Pacific Gull (3)
     belcheri - Band-tailed Gull (2)
     atlanticus - Olrog's Gull (2)
     crassirostris - Black-tailed Gull (3)
     modestus - Grey Gull (3)
     heermanni - Heermann's Gull (3)
     leucophthalmus - White-eyed Gull (2)
     hemprichii - Sooty Gull (6)
     canus - Mew Gull (9)
     audouinii - Audouin's Gull (3)
     delawarensis - Ring-billed Gull (4)
     californicus - California Gull (5)
     marinus - Great Black-backed Gull (6)
     dominicanus - Kelp Gull (12)
     glaucescens - Glaucous-winged Gull (2)
     occidentalis - Western Gull (3)
     livens - Yellow-footed Gull (1)
     hyperboreus - Glaucous Gull (5)
     glaucoides - Iceland Gull (4)
     thayeri - Thayer's Gull (1)
     argentatus - Herring Gull (13)
     cachinnans - Yellow-legged Gull (11)
     armenicus - Armenian Gull (3)
     schistisagus - Slaty-backed Gull (1)
     fuscus - Lesser Black-backed Gull (10)
     ichthyaetus - Great Black-headed Gull (5)
     brunnicephalus - Brown-headed Gull (1)
     cirrocephalus - Grey-hooded Gull (5)
     hartlaubii - Hartlaub's Gull (5)
     novaehollandiae - Silver Gull (8)
     bulleri - Black-billed Gull (2)
     maculipennis - Brown-hooded Gull (2)
     ridibundus - Common Black-headed Gull (13)
     genei - Slender-billed Gull (5)
     philadelphia - Bonaparte's Gull (5)
     saundersi - Saunders's Gull (3)
     serranus - Andean Gull (1)
     melanocephalus - Mediterranean Gull (4)
     relictus - Relict Gull (2)
     fuliginosus - Lava Gull (4)
     atricilla - Laughing Gull (5)
     pipixcan - Franklin's Gull (5)
     minutus - Little Gull (4)

Pagophila

     eburnea - Ivory Gull (6)

Rhodostethia

     rosea - Ross's Gull (3)

Xema

     sabini - Sabine's Gull (8)

Creagrus

     furcatus - Swallow-tailed Gull (5)

Rissa

     tridactyla - Black-legged Kittiwake (10)
     brevirostris - Red-legged Kittiwake (4)

Sterna

     nilotica - Gull-billed Tern (7)
     caspia - Caspian Tern (8)
     elegans - Elegant Tern (2)
     bengalensis - Lesser Crested Tern (3)
     sandvicensis - Sandwich Tern (8)
     bernsteini - Chinese Crested Tern (2)
     maxima - Royal Tern (5)
     bergii - Swift Tern (9)
     aurantia - River Tern (3)
     dougallii - Roseate Tern (5)
     striata - White-fronted Tern (1)
     sumatrana - Black-naped Tern (2)
     hirundinacea - South American Tern (1)
     hirundo - Common Tern (13)
     repressa - White-cheeked Tern (2)
     paradisaea - Arctic Tern (7)
     vittata - Antarctic Tern (2)
     virgata - Kerguelen Tern (2)
     forsteri - Forster's Tern (4)
     trudeaui - Snowy-crowned Tern (2)
     albifrons - Little Tern (6)
     saundersi - Saunders's Tern (1)
     antillarum - Least Tern (4)
     superciliaris - Yellow-billed Tern (1)
     lorata - Peruvian Tern (1)
     nereis - Fairy Tern (2)
     balaenarum - Damara Tern (3)
     acuticauda - Black-bellied Tern (1)
     aleutica - Aleutian Tern (3)
     lunata - Spectacled Tern (2)
     anaethetus - Bridled Tern (4)
     fuscata - Sooty Tern (4)
     albostriata - Black-fronted Tern (1)

Chlidonias

     hybrida - Whiskered Tern (5)
     leucopterus - White-winged Tern (5)
     niger - Black Tern (7)

Phaetusa

     simplex - Large-billed Tern (3)

Anous

     stolidus - Brown Noddy (4)
     tenuirostris - Sooty Noddy (2)
     minutus - Black Noddy (4)

Procelsterna

     cerulea - Blue Noddy (4)
     albivitta - Grey Noddy (3)

Gygis

     alba - Angel Tern (7)

Larosterna

     inca - Inca Tern (6)

Rynchops

     niger - Black Skimmer (11)
     flavirostris - African Skimmer (3)
     albicollis - Indian Skimmer (3)

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