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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Pigeons and Doves

Scientific system: Howard et al.

Familia: Columbidae

You can get "Checklist of the Pigeons and Doves of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


The family of Pigeons and Doves is found all over the world except in the coldest regions. The body lengths range from 15 cm to 84 cm. They have medium-sized wings and often a long tail. The beak is rather short and not strong. The sexes are mostly the same. Their diet is predominantly vegetarian. The naked young birds are fed 'pigeon milk', a secretion that is formed in the parents' goiter.

Columba

     livia - Common Pigeon (9)
     rupestris - Hill Pigeon (1)
     leuconota - Snow Pigeon (1)
     guinea - Speckled Pigeon (9)
     albitorques - White-collared Pigeon (1)
     oenas - Stock Dove (8)
     eversmanni - Yellow-eyed Pigeon (1)
     oliviae - Somali Pigeon (1)
     palumbus - Common Wood Pigeon (11)
     trocaz - Trocaz Pigeon (3)
     bollii - Bolle's Pigeon (2)
     junoniae - Laurel Pigeon (3)
     unicincta - Afep Pigeon (2)
     arquatrix - African Olive Pigeon (5)
     sjostedti - Cameroon Olive Pigeon (1)
     thomensis - Sao Tome Olive Pigeon (1)
     pollenii - Comoros Olive Pigeon (1)
     hodgsonii - Speckled Wood Pigeon (1)
     albinucha - White-naped Pigeon (1)
     pulchricollis - Ashy Wood Pigeon (1)
     elphinstonii - Nilgiri Wood Pigeon (1)
     torringtoni - Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon (1)
     punicea - Pale-capped Pigeon (1)
     argentina - Silvery Pigeon (1)
     palumboides - Andaman Wood Pigeon (2)
     janthina - Japanese Wood Pigeon (2)
     versicolor - Bonin Wood-Pigeon (3)
     jouyi - Ryukyu Pigeon (1)
     vitiensis - Metallic Pigeon (3)
     leucomela - White-headed Pigeon (4)
     pallidiceps - Yellow-legged Pigeon
     leucocephala - White-crowned Pigeon (5)
     squamosa - Scaly-naped Pigeon (2)
     speciosa - Scaled Pigeon (1)
     picazuro - Picazuro Pigeon (4)
     corensis - Bare-eyed Pigeon (3)
     maculosa - Spot-winged Pigeon (1)
     fasciata - Band-tailed Pigeon (6)
     araucana - Chilean Pigeon (1)
     caribaea - Ring-tailed Pigeon (5)
     cayennensis - Pale-vented Pigeon (2)
     flavirostris - Red-billed Pigeon (2)
     oenops - Maranon Pigeon (3)
     inornata - Plain Pigeon (2)
     plumbea - Plumbeous Pigeon (1)
     subvinacea - Ruddy Pigeon (2)
     nigrirostris - Short-billed Pigeon (1)
     goodsoni - Dusky Pigeon (1)
     delegorguei - Eastern Bronze-naped Pigeon (3)
     iriditorques - Western Bronze-naped Pigeon (2)
     malherbii - Island Bronze-naped Pigeon (1)
     larvata - Lemon Dove (3)

Nesoenas

     mayeri - Pink Pigeon (4)

Streptopelia

     turtur - European Turtle Dove (8)
     lugens - Dusky Turtle Dove (2)
     hypopyrrha - Adamawa Turtle Dove (1)
     orientalis - Oriental Turtle Dove (2)
     bitorquata - Island Collared Dove (2)
     decaocto - Eurasian Collared Dove (9)
     roseogrisea - African Collared Dove (2)
     reichenowi - White-winged Collared Dove (1)
     decipiens - Mourning Collared Dove (3)
     semitorquata - Red-eyed Dove (7)
     capicola - Ring-necked Dove (7)
     vinacea - Vinaceous Dove (2)
     tranquebarica - Red Turtle Dove (4)
     picturata - Malagasy Turtle Dove (3)
     chinensis - Spotted Dove (3)
     senegalensis - Laughing Dove (8)

Macropygia

     unchall - Barred Cuckoo-Dove (2)
     amboinensis - Brown Cuckoo-Dove (5)
     magna - Bar-necked Cuckoo-Dove (1)
     rufipennis - Andaman Cuckoo-Dove (2)
     tenuirostris - Philippine Cuckoo-Dove (1)
     emiliana - Ruddy Cuckoo-Dove (3)
     nigrirostris - Black-billed Cuckoo-Dove
     mackinlayi - Spot-breasted Cuckoo-Dove (1)
     ruficeps - Little Cuckoo-Dove (1)

Reinwardtoena

     reinwardtii - Great Cuckoo-Dove (2)
     browni - Pied Cuckoo-Dove
     crassirostris - Crested Cuckoo-Dove (2)

Turacoena

     manadensis - White-faced Dove (2)
     modesta - Black Dove (1)

Turtur

     chalcospilos - Emerald-spotted Wood Dove (4)
     abyssinicus - Black-billed Wood Dove (1)
     afer - Blue-spotted Wood Dove (2)
     tympanistria - Tambourine Dove (3)
     brehmeri - Blue-headed Wood Dove (3)

Oena

     capensis - Namaqua Dove (7)

Chalcophaps

     indica - Common Emerald Dove (8)
     stephani - Stephan's Emerald Dove (1)

Henicophaps

     albifrons - New Guinea Bronzewing (1)
     foersteri - New Britain Bronzewing (2)

Phaps

     chalcoptera - Common Bronzewing (4)
     elegans - Brush Bronzewing (2)
     histrionica - Flock Bronzewing (2)

Ocyphaps

     lophotes - Crested Pigeon (6)

Geophaps

     plumifera - Spinifex Pigeon (2)
     scripta - Squatter Pigeon (3)
     smithii - Partridge Pigeon (2)

Trugon

     terrestris - Thick-billed Ground Pigeon (2)

Leucosarcia

     melanoleuca - Wonga Pigeon (4)

Petrophassa

     rufipennis - Chestnut-quilled Rock Pigeon (2)
     albipennis - White-quilled Rock Pigeon (1)

Geopelia

     cuneata - Diamond Dove (3)
     striata - Zebra Dove (4)
     placida - Peaceful Dove (4)
     maugei - Barred Dove (1)
     humeralis - Bar-shouldered Dove (2)

Ectopistes

     migratoria - Passenger Pigeon (5)

Zenaida

     macroura - Mourning Dove (9)
     graysoni - Socorro Dove (5)
     auriculata - Eared Dove (2)
     aurita - Zenaida Dove (3)
     galapagoensis - Galapagos Dove (2)
     asiatica - White-winged Dove (5)
     meloda - West Peruvian Dove (1)

Columbina

     inca - Inca Dove (5)
     squammata - Scaled Dove (3)
     passerina - Common Ground Dove (9)
     minuta - Plain-breasted Ground Dove (2)
     buckleyi - Ecuadorian Ground Dove (2)
     talpacoti - Ruddy Ground Dove (3)
     picui - Picui Ground Dove (3)
     cruziana - Croaking Ground Dove (1)
     cyanopis - Blue-eyed Ground Dove (1)

Claravis

     pretiosa - Blue Ground Dove (2)
     godefrida - Purple-winged Ground Dove (2)
     mondetoura - Maroon-chested Ground Dove (1)

Metriopelia

     ceciliae - Bare-faced Ground Dove (2)
     morenoi - Moreno's Ground Dove (1)
     melanoptera - Black-winged Ground Dove (3)
     aymara - Golden-spotted Ground Dove (1)

Uropelia

     campestris - Long-tailed Ground Dove (2)

Leptotila

     verreauxi - White-tipped Dove (3)
     megalura - Yungas Dove (1)
     rufaxilla - Grey-fronted Dove (1)
     plumbeiceps - Grey-headed Dove (2)
     pallida - Pallid Dove (1)
     battyi - Azuero Dove (1)
     wellsi - Grenada Dove (2)
     jamaicensis - Caribbean Dove (3)
     cassini - Grey-chested Dove (3)
     ochraceiventris - Ochre-bellied Dove (1)
     conoveri - Tolima Dove (1)

Geotrygon

     lawrencii - Purplish-backed Quail-Dove (2)
     carrikeri - Tuxtla Quail-Dove (1)
     costaricensis - Buff-fronted Quail-Dove (1)
     goldmani - Russet-crowned Quail-Dove (1)
     saphirina - Sapphire Quail-Dove (2)
     veraguensis - Olive-backed Quail-Dove (4)
     caniceps - Grey-fronted Quail-Dove (2)
     versicolor - Crested Quail-Dove (4)
     albifacies - White-faced Quail-Dove (1)
     chiriquensis - Chiriquí Quail-Dove (1)
     linearis - Lined Quail-Dove (1)
     frenata - White-throated Quail-Dove (2)
     chrysia - Key West Quail-Dove (2)
     mystacea - Bridled Quail-Dove (3)
     violacea - Violaceous Quail-Dove (2)
     montana - Ruddy Quail-Dove (4)

Starnoenas

     cyanocephala - Blue-headed Quail-Dove (4)

Caloenas

     nicobarica - Nicobar Pigeon (5)

Gallicolumba

     luzonica - Luzon Bleeding-heart (2)
     crinigera - Mindanao Bleeding-heart (4)
     platenae - Mindoro Bleeding-heart (1)
     keayi - Negros Bleeding-heart (1)
     menagei - Sulu Bleeding-heart (1)
     rufigula - Cinnamon Ground Dove (2)
     tristigmata - Sulawesi Ground Dove (3)
     hoedtii - Wetar Ground Dove (1)
     jobiensis - Purple Ground Dove (2)
     kubaryi - White-fronted Ground Dove (1)
     erythroptera - Polynesian Ground Dove (1)
     xanthonura - White-throated Ground Dove (3)
     stairi - Tongan Ground Dove (2)
     sanctaecrucis - Santa Cruz Ground Dove (1)
     salamonis - Thick-billed Ground Dove (1)
     rubescens - Marquesan Ground Dove (1)
     beccarii - Bronze Ground Dove (2)
     canifrons - Palau Ground Dove (1)

Microgoura

     meeki - Choiseul Pigeon (3)

Otidiphaps

     nobilis - Pheasant Pigeon (9)

Goura

     cristata - Western Crowned Pigeon (3)
     scheepmakeri - Southern Crowned Pigeon (4)
     victoria - Victoria Crowned Pigeon (2)

Didunculus

     strigirostris - Tooth-billed Pigeon (4)

Phapitreron

     leucotis - White-eared Brown Dove (2)
     amethystinus - Amethyst Brown Dove (1)
     cinereiceps - Dark-eared Brown Dove

Treron

     fulvicollis - Cinnamon-headed Green Pigeon (1)
     olax - Little Green Pigeon (2)
     vernans - Pink-necked Green Pigeon (5)
     bicinctus - Orange-breasted Green Pigeon (1)
     pompadora - Pompadour Green Pigeon (10)
     curvirostra - Thick-billed Green Pigeon (2)
     griseicauda - Grey-cheeked Green Pigeon (2)
     teysmannii - Sumba Green Pigeon (1)
     floris - Flores Green Pigeon (1)
     psittaceus - Timor Green Pigeon (1)
     capellei - Large Green Pigeon (2)
     phoenicopterus - Yellow-footed Green Pigeon (2)
     waalia - Bruce's Green Pigeon (1)
     australis - Madagascar Green Pigeon (3)
     calvus - African Green Pigeon (3)
     pembaensis - Pemba Green Pigeon (1)
     sanctithomae - Sao Tome Green Pigeon (2)
     apicauda - Pin-tailed Green Pigeon (1)
     oxyurus - Sumatran Green Pigeon (1)
     seimundi - Yellow-vented Green Pigeon (2)
     sphenurus - Wedge-tailed Green Pigeon (1)
     sieboldii - White-bellied Green Pigeon (1)
     formosae - Whistling Green Pigeon (1)

Ptilinopus

     cinctus - Banded Fruit Dove (2)
     dohertyi - Red-naped Fruit Dove (1)
     porphyreus - Pink-headed Fruit Dove (4)
     marchei - Flame-breasted Fruit Dove (1)
     merrilli - Cream-breasted Fruit Dove (1)
     occipitalis - Yellow-breasted Fruit Dove (1)
     fischeri - Red-eared Fruit Dove (1)
     jambu - Jambu Fruit Dove (3)
     subgularis - Maroon-chinned Fruit Dove (1)
     leclancheri - Black-chinned Fruit Dove (3)
     bernsteinii - Scarlet-breasted Fruit Dove (1)
     magnificus - Wompoo Fruit Dove (2)
     perlatus - Pink-spotted Fruit Dove (4)
     ornatus - Ornate Fruit Dove (2)
     tannensis - Tanna Fruit Dove
     aurantiifrons - Orange-fronted Fruit Dove (1)
     wallacii - Wallace's Fruit Dove (1)
     superbus - Superb Fruit Dove (6)
     perousii - Many-colored Fruit Dove (2)
     porphyraceus - Crimson-crowned Fruit Dove (4)
     pelewensis - Palau Fruit Dove (1)
     rarotongensis - Lilac-crowned Fruit Dove (1)
     roseicapilla - Mariana Fruit Dove (3)
     regina - Rose-crowned Fruit Dove (6)
     richardsii - Silver-capped Fruit Dove (1)
     purpuratus - Grey-green Fruit Dove (2)
     chalcurus - Makatea Fruit Dove (1)
     coralensis - Atoll Fruit Dove (1)
     greyii - Red-bellied Fruit Dove (1)
     huttoni - Rapa Fruit Dove (2)
     dupetithouarsii - White-capped Fruit Dove (1)
     mercierii - Moustached Fruit Dove (2)
     insularis - Scarlet-capped Fruit Dove (1)
     coronulatus - Coroneted Fruit Dove (1)
     pulchellus - Beautiful Fruit Dove (4)
     monacha - Blue-capped Fruit Dove (1)
     rivoli - White-bibbed Fruit Dove (2)
     solomonensis - Yellow-bibbed Fruit Dove (4)
     viridis - Claret-breasted Fruit Dove (2)
     eugeniae - White-headed Fruit Dove (1)
     iozonus - Orange-bellied Fruit Dove (2)
     insolitus - Knob-billed Fruit Dove (1)
     hyogastrus - Grey-headed Fruit Dove (2)
     granulifrons - Carunculated Fruit Dove (1)
     melanospilus - Black-naped Fruit Dove (5)
     nainus - Dwarf Fruit Dove (3)
     arcanus - Negros Fruit Dove (1)
     victor - Orange Fruit Dove (3)
     luteovirens - Golden Fruit Dove (3)
     layardi - Whistling Fruit Dove (1)

Drepanoptila

     holosericea - Cloven-feathered Dove (2)

Alectroenas

     nitidissima - Mauritius Blue-Pigeon (4)
     madagascariensis - Madagascar Blue Pigeon (4)
     sganzini - Comoros Blue Pigeon (2)
     pulcherrima - Seychelles Blue Pigeon (1)

Ducula

     poliocephala - Pink-bellied Imperial Pigeon (2)
     forsteni - White-bellied Imperial Pigeon (1)
     mindorensis - Mindoro Imperial Pigeon (2)
     radiata - Grey-headed Imperial Pigeon
     carola - Spotted Imperial Pigeon (1)
     aenea - Green Imperial Pigeon (5)
     perspicillata - Spectacled Imperial Pigeon (1)
     concinna - Elegant Imperial Pigeon (3)
     pacifica - Pacific Imperial Pigeon (1)
     oceanica - Micronesian Imperial Pigeon (2)
     aurorae - Polynesian Imperial Pigeon (1)
     galeata - Marquesan Imperial Pigeon (1)
     rubricera - Red-knobbed Imperial Pigeon (1)
     myristicivora - Spice Imperial Pigeon (3)
     rufigaster - Purple-tailed Imperial Pigeon (2)
     basilica - Cinnamon Imperial Pigeon (1)
     finschii - Growling Imperial Pigeon (1)
     chalconota - Shining Imperial Pigeon
     pistrinaria - Floury Imperial Pigeon (1)
     rosacea - Pink-headed Imperial Pigeon (1)
     whartoni - Christmas Imperial Pigeon (2)
     pickeringii - Grey Imperial Pigeon (1)
     latrans - Barking Imperial Pigeon (3)
     brenchleyi - Chestnut-bellied Imperial Pigeon (1)
     bakeri - Vanuatu Imperial Pigeon
     goliath - Goliath Imperial Pigeon (1)
     pinon - Pinon Imperial Pigeon (4)
     melanochroa - Black Imperial Pigeon (1)
     mullerii - Collared Imperial Pigeon (2)
     zoeae - Zoe Imperial Pigeon (2)
     badia - Mountain Imperial Pigeon (1)
     lacernulata - Dark-backed Imperial Pigeon (1)
     cineracea - Timor Imperial Pigeon (1)
     bicolor - Pied Imperial Pigeon (11)

Lopholaimus

     antarcticus - Topknot Pigeon (3)

Hemiphaga

     novaeseelandiae - New Zealand Pigeon (4)

Cryptophaps

     poecilorrhoa - Sombre Pigeon (2)

Gymnophaps

     albertisii - Papuan Mountain Pigeon (3)
     mada - Long-tailed Mountain Pigeon (3)
     solomonensis - Pale Mountain Pigeon

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