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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Parrots

Scientific system: Howard et al.

Familia: Psittacidae

You can get "Checklist of the Parrots of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


This family is limited to the continents of America and Africa. Most of the species in this family live in America, with only a few species in Africa. The size ranges from 12 cm to 100 cm. Many species have bright colors, caused by the Dyck textures in the feathers, in which incident light is refracted. Most of the species are cavity breeders.

Nestor

     notabilis - Kea (6)
     productus - Norfolk Island Kaka (3)
     meridionalis - New Zealand Kaka (5)

Strigops

     habroptila - Kakapo (4)

Psittrichas

     fulgidus - Pesquet's Parrot (4)

Loriculus

     vernalis - Vernal Hanging Parrot (3)
     beryllinus - Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot (3)
     philippensis - Philippine Hanging Parrot (7)
     galgulus - Blue-crowned Hanging Parrot (4)
     stigmatus - Great Hanging Parrot (2)
     amabilis - Moluccan Hanging Parrot (4)
     catamene - Sangihe Hanging Parrot (1)
     aurantiifrons - Orange-fronted Hanging Parrot (4)
     exilis - Pygmy Hanging Parrot (1)
     pusillus - Yellow-throated Hanging Parrot (1)
     flosculus - Wallace's Hanging Parrot (1)

Micropsitta

     keiensis - Yellow-capped Pygmy Parrot (2)
     geelvinkiana - Geelvink Pygmy Parrot (1)
     pusio - Buff-faced Pygmy Parrot (2)
     meeki - Citrine Pygmy Parrot (1)
     finschii - Emerald Pygmy Parrot (1)
     bruijnii - Rose-breasted Pygmy Parrot (2)

Probosciger

     aterrimus - Palm Cockatoo (5)

Calyptorhynchus

     banksii - Red-tailed Black Cockatoo (8)
     lathami - Glossy Black Cockatoo (4)
     funereus - Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoo (6)
     latirostris - Short-billed Black Cockatoo (2)
     baudinii - Long-billed Black Cockatoo (5)

Callocephalon

     fimbriatum - Gang-gang Cockatoo (7)

Eolophus

     roseicapilla - Galah (4)

Cacatua

     tenuirostris - Long-billed Corella (3)
     pastinator - Western Corella (1)
     sanguinea - Little Corella (4)
     goffini - Tanimbar Cockatoo (4)
     ducorpsii - Broad-crested Corella (4)
     haematuropygia - Red-vented Cockatoo (3)
     leadbeateri - Major Mitchell's Cockatoo (6)
     sulphurea - Yellow-crested Cockatoo (3)
     galerita - Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (7)
     ophthalmica - Blue-eyed Cockatoo (3)
     alba - White Cockatoo (4)
     moluccensis - Salmon-crested Cockatoo (4)

Nymphicus

     hollandicus - Cockatiel (8)

Chalcopsitta

     atra - Black Lory (4)
     duivenbodei - Brown Lory (5)
     sintillata - Streaked Lory (3)
     cardinalis - Cardinal Lory (4)

Eos

     histrio - Red-and-blue Lory (5)
     squamata - Violet-necked Lory (5)
     rubra - Red Lory (3)
     reticulata - Blue-streaked Lory (4)
     cyanogenia - Black-winged Lory (4)
     semilarvata - Blue-eared Lory (4)

Pseudeos

     fuscata - Dusky Lory (5)

Trichoglossus

     ornatus - Ornate Lorikeet (2)
     forsteni - Sunset Lorikeet (2)
     weberi - Leaf Lorikeet (1)
     capistratus - Marigold Lorikeet (1)
     haematodus - Rainbow Lorikeet (18)
     rubritorquis - Red-collared Lorikeet (2)
     euteles - Olive-headed Lorikeet (5)
     flavoviridis - Citrine Lorikeet (3)
     johnstoniae - Mindanao Lorikeet (6)
     rubiginosus - Pohnpei Lorikeet (3)
     chlorolepidotus - Scaly-breasted Lorikeet (6)

Psitteuteles

     versicolor - Varied Lorikeet (3)
     iris - Iris Lorikeet (3)
     goldiei - Goldie's Lorikeet (3)

Lorius

     garrulus - Chattering Lory (4)
     domicella - Purple-naped Lory (2)
     lory - Black-capped Lory (4)
     hypoinochrous - Purple-bellied Lory (3)
     albidinucha - White-naped Lory (1)
     chlorocercus - Yellow-bibbed Lory (7)

Phigys

     solitarius - Collared Lory (5)

Vini

     australis - Blue-crowned Lorikeet (4)
     kuhlii - Kuhl's Lorikeet (3)
     stepheni - Stephen's Lorikeet (2)
     peruviana - Violet Lorikeet (2)
     ultramarina - Ultramarine Lorikeet (2)

Glossopsitta

     concinna - Musk Lorikeet (4)
     pusilla - Little Lorikeet (1)
     porphyrocephala - Purple-crowned Lorikeet (3)

Charmosyna

     palmarum - Palm Lorikeet (1)
     rubrigularis - Red-chinned Lorikeet (2)
     meeki - Meek's Lorikeet (1)
     toxopei - Blue-fronted Lorikeet (1)
     multistriata - Striated Lorikeet (2)
     wilhelminae - Pygmy Lorikeet (3)
     rubronotata - Red-fronted Lorikeet (2)
     placentis - Red-flanked Lorikeet (4)
     diadema - New Caledonian Lorikeet (4)
     amabilis - Red-throated Lorikeet (1)
     margarethae - Duchess Lorikeet (1)
     pulchella - Fairy Lorikeet (3)
     josefinae - Josephine's Lorikeet (3)
     papou - Papuan Lorikeet (7)

Oreopsittacus

     arfaki - Plum-faced Lorikeet (3)

Neopsittacus

     musschenbroekii - Yellow-billed Lorikeet (5)
     pullicauda - Orange-billed Lorikeet (1)

Prosopeia

     splendens - Crimson Shining Parrot (4)
     personata - Masked Shining Parrot (2)
     tabuensis - Maroon Shining Parrot (2)

Eunymphicus

     cornutus - Horned Parakeet (5)

Cyanoramphus

     zealandicus - Black-fronted Parakeet (3)
     ulietanus - Raiatea Parakeet (2)
     saisseti - New Caledonian Parakeet (2)
     forbesi - Chatham Islands Parakeet (1)
     cookii - Norfolk Parakeet (1)
     unicolor - Antipodes Parakeet (3)
     auriceps - Yellow-crowned Parakeet (3)
     malherbi - Malherbe's Parakeet (1)
     novaezelandiae - Red-fronted Parakeet (5)

Purpureicephalus

     spurius - Red-capped Parrot (8)

Barnardius

     zonarius - Australian Ringneck (14)

Platycercus

     caledonicus - Green Rosella (3)
     elegans - Crimson Rosella (5)
     venustus - Northern Rosella (2)
     adscitus - White-cheeked Rosella (3)
     eximius - Eastern Rosella (5)
     icterotis - Western Rosella (3)

Northiella

     haematogaster - Bluebonnet (3)

Psephotus

     haematonotus - Red-rumped Parrot (4)
     varius - Mulga Parrot (8)
     dissimilis - Hooded Parrot (2)
     chrysopterygius - Golden-shouldered Parrot (3)
     pulcherrimus - Paradise Parrot (5)

Neopsephotus

     bourkii - Bourke's Parrot (3)

Neophema

     chrysostoma - Blue-winged Parrot (3)
     elegans - Elegant Parrot (7)
     petrophila - Rock Parrot (1)
     chrysogaster - Orange-bellied Parrot (2)
     pulchella - Turquoise Parrot (2)
     splendida - Scarlet-chested Parrot (7)

Lathamus

     discolor - Swift Parrot (4)

Melopsittacus

     undulatus - Budgerigar (6)

Pezoporus

     wallicus - Ground Parrot (4)
     occidentalis - Night Parrot (2)

Psittacella

     brehmii - Brehm's Tiger Parrot (2)
     picta - Painted Tiger Parrot (2)
     modesta - Modest Tiger Parrot (1)
     madaraszi - Madarasz's Tiger Parrot (1)

Psittinus

     cyanurus - Blue-rumped Parrot (8)

Geoffroyus

     geoffroyi - Red-cheeked Parrot (3)
     simplex - Blue-collared Parrot (1)
     heteroclitus - Singing Parrot (1)

Prioniturus

     montanus - Montane Racket-tail (2)
     platenae - Blue-headed Racket-tail (1)
     luconensis - Green Racket-tail (1)
     discurus - Blue-crowned Racket-tail (3)
     verticalis - Blue-winged Racket-tail (3)
     flavicans - Yellow-breasted Racket-tail (1)
     platurus - Golden-mantled Racket-tail (3)
     mada - Buru Racket-tail (2)

Tanygnathus

     megalorynchos - Great-billed Parrot (2)
     lucionensis - Blue-naped Parrot (4)
     sumatranus - Blue-backed Parrot (5)
     gramineus - Black-lored Parrot (1)

Eclectus

     roratus - Eclectus Parrot (17)

Alisterus

     amboinensis - Moluccan King Parrot (3)
     chloropterus - Papuan King Parrot (2)
     scapularis - Australian King Parrot (8)

Aprosmictus

     jonquillaceus - Jonquil Parrot (3)
     erythropterus - Red-winged Parrot (3)

Polytelis

     swainsonii - Superb Parrot (8)
     anthopeplus - Regent Parrot (2)
     alexandrae - Princess Parrot (3)

Mascarinus

     mascarinus - Mascarene Parrot (2)

Psittacula

     eupatria - Alexandrine Parakeet (3)
     wardi - Seychelles Parakeet (2)
     krameri - Rose-ringed Parakeet (12)
     echo - Mauritius Parakeet (1)
     himalayana - Slaty-headed Parakeet (2)
     finschii - Grey-headed Parakeet (2)
     cyanocephala - Plum-headed Parakeet (3)
     roseata - Blossom-headed Parakeet (4)
     columboides - Blue-winged Parakeet (2)
     calthorpae - Emerald-collared parakeet (2)
     derbiana - Lord Derby's Parakeet (3)
     alexandri - Red-breasted Parakeet (4)
     caniceps - Nicobar Parakeet (1)
     exsul - Newton's Parakeet (3)
     longicauda - Long-tailed Parakeet (2)

Agapornis

     canus - Grey-headed Lovebird (4)
     pullarius - Red-headed Lovebird (2)
     taranta - Black-winged Lovebird (4)
     swindernianus - Black-collared Lovebird (4)
     roseicollis - Rosy-faced Lovebird (5)
     fischeri - Fischer's Lovebird (4)
     personatus - Yellow-collared Lovebird (5)
     lilianae - Lilian's Lovebird (5)
     nigrigenis - Black-cheeked Lovebird (5)

Coracopsis

     vasa - Greater Vasa Parrot (5)
     nigra - Lesser Vasa Parrot (3)

Psittacus

     erithacus - Grey Parrot (8)

Poicephalus

     robustus - Cape Parrot (4)
     gulielmi - Red-fronted Parrot (4)
     meyeri - Meyer's Parrot (6)
     rueppellii - Rüppell's Parrot (7)
     cryptoxanthus - Brown-headed Parrot (4)
     crassus - Niam-niam Parrot (1)
     rufiventris - Red-bellied Parrot (4)
     senegalus - Senegal Parrot (6)
     flavifrons - Yellow-fronted Parrot (3)

Anodorhynchus

     hyacinthinus - Hyacinth Macaw (6)
     leari - Lear's Macaw (6)
     glaucus - Glaucous Macaw (2)

Cyanopsitta

     spixii - Spix's Macaw (2)

Ara

     ararauna - Blue-and-yellow Macaw (5)
     glaucogularis - Blue-throated Macaw (3)
     militaris - Military Macaw (5)
     ambiguus - Great Green Macaw (4)
     macao - Scarlet Macaw (8)
     chloropterus - Red-and-green Macaw (4)
     tricolor - Hispaniolan Macaw (5)
     rubrogenys - Red-fronted Macaw (3)
     severus - Chestnut-fronted Macaw (3)

Orthopsittaca

     manilata - Red-bellied Macaw (3)

Primolius

     couloni - Blue-headed Macaw (4)
     maracana - Blue-winged Macaw (5)
     auricollis - Golden-collared Macaw (2)

Diopsittaca

     nobilis - Red-shouldered Macaw (4)

Rhynchopsitta

     pachyrhyncha - Thick-billed Parrot (4)
     terrisi - Maroon-fronted Parrot (2)

Ognorhynchus

     icterotis - Yellow-eared Parrot (4)

Guarouba

     guarouba - Golden Parakeet (5)

Aratinga

     acuticaudata - Blue-crowned Parakeet (5)
     holochlora - Green Parakeet (5)
     strenua - Pacific Parakeet (1)
     wagleri - Scarlet-fronted Parakeet (4)
     mitrata - Mitred Parakeet (4)
     erythrogenys - Red-masked Parakeet (4)
     finschi - Finsch's Parakeet (2)
     leucophthalma - White-eyed Parakeet (4)
     euops - Cuban Parakeet (7)
     chloroptera - Hispaniolan Parakeet (6)
     solstitialis - Sun Parakeet (5)
     jandaya - Jandaya Parakeet (3)
     auricapillus - Golden-capped Parakeet (3)
     weddellii - Dusky-headed Parakeet (2)
     nana - Jamaican Parakeet (5)
     canicularis - Orange-fronted Parakeet (6)
     aurea - Peach-fronted Parakeet (4)
     pertinax - Brown-throated Parakeet (7)
     cactorum - Caatinga Parakeet (3)

Nandayus

     nenday - Nanday Parakeet (4)

Leptosittaca

     branickii - Golden-plumed Parakeet (3)

Conuropsis

     carolinensis - Carolina Parakeet (7)

Cyanoliseus

     patagonus - Burrowing Parrot (7)

Pyrrhura

     cruentata - Ochre-marked Parakeet (4)
     devillei - Blaze-winged Parakeet (1)
     frontalis - Reddish-bellied Parakeet (2)
     perlata - Crimson-bellied Parakeet (2)
     lepida - Pearly Parakeet (2)
     molinae - Green-cheeked Parakeet (2)
     eisenmanni - Azuero Parakeet (1)
     caeruleiceps - Todd's Parakeet
     subandina - Sinu Parakeet
     picta - Painted Parakeet (8)
     leucotis - White-eared Parakeet (4)
     pfrimeri - Pfrimer's Parakeet (1)
     viridicata - Santa Marta Parakeet (1)
     egregia - Fiery-shouldered Parakeet (4)
     melanura - Maroon-tailed Parakeet (4)
     orcesi - El Oro Parakeet (1)
     rupicola - Black-capped Parakeet (3)
     albipectus - White-breasted Parakeet (1)
     calliptera - Flame-winged Parakeet (1)
     hoematotis - Blood-eared Parakeet (3)
     rhodocephala - Rose-crowned Parakeet (3)
     hoffmanni - Sulphur-winged Parakeet (3)

Enicognathus

     ferrugineus - Austral Parakeet (3)
     leptorhynchus - Slender-billed Parakeet (3)

Myiopsitta

     monachus - Monk Parakeet (8)

Psilopsiagon

     aymara - Grey-hooded Parakeet (3)
     aurifrons - Mountain Parakeet (2)

Bolborhynchus

     lineola - Barred Parakeet (2)
     orbygnesius - Andean Parakeet (2)
     ferrugineifrons - Rufous-fronted Parakeet (1)

Forpus

     cyanopygius - Mexican Parrotlet (2)
     passerinus - Green-rumped Parrotlet (5)
     xanthopterygius - Blue-winged Parrotlet (7)
     conspicillatus - Spectacled Parrotlet (4)
     sclateri - Dusky-billed Parrotlet (1)
     coelestis - Pacific Parrotlet (4)
     xanthops - Yellow-faced Parrotlet (1)

Brotogeris

     tirica - Plain Parakeet (3)
     versicolurus - White-winged Parakeet (2)
     chiriri - Yellow-chevroned Parakeet (5)
     pyrrhoptera - Grey-cheeked Parakeet (5)
     jugularis - Orange-chinned Parakeet (1)
     cyanoptera - Cobalt-winged Parakeet (5)
     chrysoptera - Golden-winged Parakeet (3)
     sanctithomae - Tui Parakeet (5)

Nannopsittaca

     panychlora - Tepui Parrotlet (2)
     dachilleae - Manu Parrotlet (1)

Touit

     batavicus - Lilac-tailed Parrotlet (1)
     huetii - Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet (2)
     costaricensis - Red-fronted Parrotlet (2)
     dilectissimus - Blue-fronted Parrotlet (2)
     purpuratus - Sapphire-rumped Parrotlet (1)
     melanonotus - Brown-backed Parrotlet (3)
     surdus - Golden-tailed Parrotlet (1)
     stictopterus - Spot-winged Parrotlet (1)

Pionites

     melanocephalus - Black-headed Parrot (4)
     leucogaster - White-bellied Parrot (5)

Pionopsitta

     vulturina - Vulturine Parrot (4)
     haematotis - Brown-hooded Parrot (2)
     pulchra - Rose-faced Parrot (2)
     barrabandi - Orange-cheeked Parrot (2)
     pyrilia - Saffron-headed Parrot (1)
     caica - Caica Parrot (1)
     pileata - Pileated Parrot (7)

Hapalopsittaca

     melanotis - Black-winged Parrot (1)
     amazonina - Rusty-faced Parrot (2)
     fuertesi - Fuertes's Parrot (2)
     pyrrhops - Red-faced Parrot (2)

Graydidascalus

     brachyurus - Short-tailed Parrot (4)

Pionus

     menstruus - Blue-headed Parrot (2)
     sordidus - Red-billed Parrot (2)
     maximiliani - Scaly-headed Parrot (2)
     tumultuosus - Plum-crowned Parrot (2)
     senilis - White-crowned Parrot (2)
     chalcopterus - Bronze-winged Parrot (3)
     fuscus - Dusky Parrot (4)

Amazona

     leucocephala - Cuban Amazon (5)
     collaria - Yellow-billed Amazon (4)
     ventralis - Hispaniolan Amazon (2)
     albifrons - White-fronted Amazon (4)
     xantholora - Yucatan Amazon (3)
     agilis - Black-billed Amazon (6)
     vittata - Puerto Rican Amazon (1)
     tucumana - Tucuman Amazon (3)
     pretrei - Red-spectacled Amazon (4)
     viridigenalis - Red-crowned Amazon (3)
     finschi - Lilac-crowned Amazon (4)
     autumnalis - Red-lored Amazon (8)
     dufresniana - Blue-cheeked Amazon (3)
     rhodocorytha - Red-browed Amazon (4)
     brasiliensis - Red-tailed Amazon (4)
     festiva - Festive Amazon (6)
     xanthops - Yellow-faced Amazon (4)
     barbadensis - Yellow-shouldered Amazon (3)
     aestiva - Turquoise-fronted Amazon (5)
     oratrix - Yellow-headed Amazon (2)
     auropalliata - Yellow-naped Amazon (6)
     ochrocephala - Yellow-crowned Amazon (4)
     amazonica - Orange-winged Amazon (3)
     mercenaria - Scaly-naped Amazon (3)
     kawalli - White-cheeked Amazon (2)
     farinosa - Mealy Amazon (5)
     vinacea - Vinaceous-breasted Amazon (3)
     versicolor - St. Lucia Amazon (3)
     arausiaca - Red-necked Amazon (2)
     guildingii - St. Vincent Amazon (3)
     imperialis - Imperial Amazon (3)

Deroptyus

     accipitrinus - Red-fan Parrot (5)

Triclaria

     malachitacea - Blue-bellied Parrot (4)

Cyclopsitta

     gulielmitertii - Orange-breasted Fig Parrot (4)
     diophthalma - Double-eyed Fig Parrot (7)

Psittaculirostris

     desmarestii - Flame-headed Fig Parrot (3)
     edwardsii - Scarlet-cheeked Fig Parrot (4)
     salvadorii - Yellow-cheeked Fig Parrot (2)

Bolbopsittacus

     lunulatus - Guaiabero (3)

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