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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Woodpeckers

Scientific system: Howard et al.

Familia: Picidae

You can get "Checklist of the Woodpeckers of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


The family of Woodpeckers is found worldwide, but not in Madagascar, Australia and most of the Indonesian islands. The body length ranges from 9 cm to 60 cm. The feet have 3 or 4 toes, two of which point forward. They have a chunky head and a straight, usually powerful beak. The sexes are mostly different. Woodpeckers mostly inhabit trees. Most species feed on insects, which they pull out with their long and flexible tongue. When climbing vertical logs, the stiff tail serves as a support. They make a cave in a tree to breed.

Jynx

     torquilla - Eurasian Wryneck (5)
     ruficollis - Red-throated Wryneck (2)

Picumnus

     innominatus - Speckled Piculet (5)
     aurifrons - Bar-breasted Piculet (1)
     lafresnayi - Lafresnaye's Piculet (2)
     pumilus - Orinoco Piculet
     exilis - Golden-spangled Piculet (1)
     sclateri - Ecuadorian Piculet (1)
     squamulatus - Scaled Piculet (2)
     spilogaster - White-bellied Piculet (1)
     minutissimus - Arrowhead Piculet (4)
     pygmaeus - Spotted Piculet (2)
     steindachneri - Speckle-chested Piculet (2)
     varzeae - Varzea Piculet
     cirratus - White-barred Piculet (1)
     dorbygnianus - Ocellated Piculet (1)
     temminckii - Ochre-collared Piculet (5)
     albosquamatus - White-wedged Piculet (1)
     fuscus - Rusty-necked Piculet
     rufiventris - Rufous-breasted Piculet (2)
     limae - Ochraceous Piculet (1)
     fulvescens - Tawny Piculet (1)
     nebulosus - Mottled Piculet (2)
     castelnau - Plain-breasted Piculet (1)
     subtilis - Fine-barred Piculet
     olivaceus - Olivaceous Piculet (3)
     granadensis - Greyish Piculet (2)
     cinnamomeus - Chestnut Piculet (2)

Sasia

     africana - African Piculet (1)
     abnormis - Rufous Piculet (1)
     ochracea - White-browed Piculet (3)

Nesoctites

     micromegas - Antillean Piculet (4)

Melanerpes

     candidus - White Woodpecker (6)
     lewis - Lewis's Woodpecker (5)
     herminieri - Guadeloupe Woodpecker (2)
     portoricensis - Puerto Rican Woodpecker (1)
     erythrocephalus - Red-headed Woodpecker (4)
     formicivorus - Acorn Woodpecker (4)
     cruentatus - Yellow-tufted Woodpecker (1)
     flavifrons - Yellow-fronted Woodpecker (3)
     chrysauchen - Golden-naped Woodpecker (8)
     pucherani - Black-cheeked Woodpecker (6)
     cactorum - White-fronted Woodpecker (3)
     striatus - Hispaniolan Woodpecker (9)
     radiolatus - Jamaican Woodpecker (6)
     chrysogenys - Golden-cheeked Woodpecker (5)
     hypopolius - Grey-breasted Woodpecker (5)
     pygmaeus - Yucatan Woodpecker (2)
     rubricapillus - Red-crowned Woodpecker (3)
     uropygialis - Gila Woodpecker (4)
     hoffmannii - Hoffmann's Woodpecker (2)
     aurifrons - Golden-fronted Woodpecker (5)
     carolinus - Red-bellied Woodpecker (5)
     superciliaris - West Indian Woodpecker (2)

Sphyrapicus

     thyroideus - Williamson's Sapsucker (3)
     varius - Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (5)
     nuchalis - Red-naped Sapsucker (3)
     ruber - Red-breasted Sapsucker (7)

Xiphidiopicus

     percussus - Cuban Green Woodpecker (4)

Campethera

     punctuligera - Fine-spotted Woodpecker (4)
     bennettii - Bennett's Woodpecker (4)
     nubica - Nubian Woodpecker (5)
     abingoni - Golden-tailed Woodpecker (4)
     mombassica - Mombasa Woodpecker (3)
     notata - Knysna Woodpecker (3)
     cailliautii - Green-backed Woodpecker (2)
     maculosa - Little Green Woodpecker (1)
     tullbergi - Tullberg's Woodpecker (1)
     nivosa - Buff-spotted Woodpecker (2)
     caroli - Brown-eared Woodpecker (2)

Geocolaptes

     olivaceus - Ground Woodpecker (4)

Dendropicos

     elachus - Little Grey Woodpecker (1)
     poecilolaemus - Speckle-breasted Woodpecker (1)
     abyssinicus - Abyssinian Woodpecker (5)
     fuscescens - Cardinal Woodpecker (4)
     gabonensis - Gabon Woodpecker (3)
     stierlingi - Stierling's Woodpecker (1)
     namaquus - Bearded Woodpecker (2)
     xantholophus - Yellow-crested Woodpecker (3)
     pyrrhogaster - Fire-bellied Woodpecker (3)
     elliotii - Elliot's Woodpecker (2)
     goertae - African Grey Woodpecker (13)
     griseocephalus - Olive Woodpecker (5)
     obsoletus - Brown-backed Woodpecker (3)

Hypopicos

     hyperythrus - Rufous-bellied Woodpecker (4)

Dendrocopos

     temminckii - Sulawesi Pygmy Woodpecker (3)
     maculatus - Philippine Pygmy Woodpecker (2)
     moluccensis - Sunda Pygmy Woodpecker (3)
     kizuki - Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker (3)
     canicapillus - Grey-capped Pygmy Woodpecker (3)
     minor - Lesser Spotted Woodpecker (5)
     macei - Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker (2)
     atratus - Stripe-breasted Woodpecker (1)
     auriceps - Brown-fronted Woodpecker (3)
     mahrattensis - Yellow-crowned Woodpecker (2)
     dorae - Arabian Woodpecker (1)
     cathpharius - Crimson-breasted Woodpecker (3)
     darjellensis - Darjeeling Woodpecker (3)
     medius - Middle Spotted Woodpecker (5)
     leucotos - White-backed Woodpecker (6)
     himalayensis - Himalayan Woodpecker (5)
     assimilis - Sind Woodpecker (1)
     syriacus - Syrian Woodpecker (6)
     leucopterus - White-winged Woodpecker (1)
     major - Great Spotted Woodpecker (13)

Picoides

     mixtus - Checkered Woodpecker (5)
     lignarius - Striped Woodpecker (5)
     scalaris - Ladder-backed Woodpecker (4)
     nuttallii - Nuttall's Woodpecker (2)
     pubescens - Downy Woodpecker (4)
     villosus - Hairy Woodpecker (4)
     arizonae - Arizona Woodpecker (1)
     stricklandi - Strickland's Woodpecker (5)
     borealis - Red-cockaded Woodpecker (4)
     albolarvatus - White-headed Woodpecker (4)
     tridactylus - Three-toed Woodpecker (14)
     arcticus - Black-backed Woodpecker (3)

Veniliornis

     callonotus - Scarlet-backed Woodpecker (2)
     dignus - Yellow-vented Woodpecker (2)
     nigriceps - Bar-bellied Woodpecker (1)
     fumigatus - Smoky-brown Woodpecker (2)
     passerinus - Little Woodpecker (3)
     frontalis - Dot-fronted Woodpecker (1)
     spilogaster - White-spotted Woodpecker (4)
     sanguineus - Blood-colored Woodpecker (2)
     kirkii - Red-rumped Woodpecker (2)
     affinis - Red-stained Woodpecker (1)
     cassini - Golden-collared Woodpecker (1)
     maculifrons - Yellow-eared Woodpecker (1)

Piculus

     simplex - Rufous-winged Woodpecker (1)
     callopterus - Stripe-cheeked Woodpecker (1)
     leucolaemus - White-throated Woodpecker (4)
     flavigula - Yellow-throated Woodpecker (1)
     chrysochloros - Golden-green Woodpecker (1)
     aurulentus - Yellow-browed Woodpecker (1)
     rubiginosus - Golden-olive Woodpecker (4)
     auricularis - Grey-crowned Woodpecker (3)
     rivolii - Crimson-mantled Woodpecker (5)

Colaptes

     atricollis - Black-necked Woodpecker (3)
     punctigula - Spot-breasted Woodpecker (5)
     melanochloros - Green-barred Woodpecker (4)
     auratus - Northern Flicker (8)
     chrysoides - Gilded Flicker (5)
     fernandinae - Fernandina's Flicker (4)
     pitius - Chilean Flicker (1)
     rupicola - Andean Flicker (3)
     campestris - Campo Flicker (6)

Celeus

     brachyurus - Rufous Woodpecker (3)
     loricatus - Cinnamon Woodpecker (1)
     undatus - Waved Woodpecker (1)
     grammicus - Scaly-breasted Woodpecker (3)
     castaneus - Chestnut-colored Woodpecker (4)
     elegans - Chestnut Woodpecker (1)
     lugubris - Pale-crested Woodpecker (1)
     flavescens - Blond-crested Woodpecker (4)
     flavus - Cream-colored Woodpecker (1)
     spectabilis - Rufous-headed Woodpecker (3)
     torquatus - Ringed Woodpecker (1)

Dryocopus

     galeatus - Helmeted Woodpecker (1)
     schulzi - Black-bodied Woodpecker (1)
     lineatus - Lineated Woodpecker (4)
     pileatus - Pileated Woodpecker (5)
     javensis - White-bellied Woodpecker (3)
     hodgei - Andaman Woodpecker (1)
     martius - Black Woodpecker (8)

Campephilus

     pollens - Powerful Woodpecker (4)
     haematogaster - Crimson-bellied Woodpecker (4)
     rubricollis - Red-necked Woodpecker (5)
     robustus - Robust Woodpecker (6)
     melanoleucos - Crimson-crested Woodpecker (5)
     guatemalensis - Pale-billed Woodpecker (6)
     gayaquilensis - Guayaquil Woodpecker (3)
     leucopogon - Cream-backed Woodpecker (5)
     magellanicus - Magellanic Woodpecker (4)
     principalis - Ivory-billed Woodpecker (6)
     imperialis - Imperial Woodpecker (4)

Picus

     mineaceus - Banded Woodpecker (2)
     puniceus - Crimson-winged Woodpecker (1)
     chlorolophus - Lesser Yellownape (4)
     mentalis - Checker-throated Woodpecker (3)
     flavinucha - Greater Yellownape (1)
     viridanus - Streak-breasted Woodpecker (2)
     vittatus - Laced Woodpecker (3)
     xanthopygaeus - Streak-throated Woodpecker (3)
     squamatus - Scaly-bellied Woodpecker (1)
     awokera - Japanese Green Woodpecker (2)
     viridis - European Green Woodpecker (8)
     vaillantii - Levaillant's Woodpecker (4)
     rabieri - Red-collared Woodpecker (4)
     erythropygius - Black-headed Woodpecker (4)
     canus - Grey-headed Woodpecker (6)

Dinopium

     rafflesii - Olive-backed Woodpecker (5)
     shorii - Himalayan Goldenback (2)
     javanense - Common Goldenback (3)
     benghalense - Lesser Goldenback (1)

Chrysocolaptes

     lucidus - Greater Goldenback (13)
     festivus - White-naped Woodpecker (1)

Gecinulus

     grantia - Bamboo Woodpecker (6)

Sapheopipo

     noguchii - Okinawa Woodpecker (2)

Blythipicus

     rubiginosus - Maroon Woodpecker (4)
     pyrrhotis - Bay Woodpecker (1)

Reinwardtipicus

     validus - Orange-backed Woodpecker (7)

Meiglyptes

     tristis - Buff-rumped Woodpecker (2)
     jugularis - Black-and-buff Woodpecker (1)
     tukki - Buff-necked Woodpecker (1)

Hemicircus

     concretus - Grey-and-buff Woodpecker (3)
     canente - Heart-spotted Woodpecker (5)

Mulleripicus

     fulvus - Ashy Woodpecker (2)
     funebris - Sooty Woodpecker (3)
     pulverulentus - Great Slaty Woodpecker (3)

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