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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Tyrant-flycatchers

Scientific system: Howard et al.

Familia: Tyrannidae

You can get "Checklist of the Tyrant-flycatchers of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


The family of Tyrants is common across America. Their length ranges from 8 cm to 40 cm. This family is one of the most diverse in the bird world. Many species hunt from a perch. They defend their territory very fiercely and attack even larger birds. They have very different nest shapes. 2 to 6 eggs are laid, which are usually hatched by the female. The altricial chicks are looked after by both adult birds.

Phyllomyias

     fasciatus - Planalto Tyrannulet (1)
     burmeisteri - Rough-legged Tyrannulet (1)
     virescens - Greenish Tyrannulet (1)
     reiseri - Reiser's Tyrannulet (1)
     urichi - Urich's Tyrannulet
     sclateri - Sclater's Tyrannulet (1)
     griseocapilla - Grey-capped Tyrannulet (1)
     griseiceps - Sooty-headed Tyrannulet (1)
     plumbeiceps - Plumbeous-crowned Tyrannulet
     nigrocapillus - Black-capped Tyrannulet (1)
     cinereiceps - Ashy-headed Tyrannulet (3)
     uropygialis - Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet (1)

Tyrannulus

     elatus - Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet (2)

Myiopagis

     gaimardii - Forest Elaenia (1)
     caniceps - Grey Elaenia (1)
     olallai - Foothill Elaenia (1)
     subplacens - Pacific Elaenia (1)
     flavivertex - Yellow-crowned Elaenia (1)
     viridicata - Greenish Elaenia (2)
     cotta - Jamaican Elaenia (3)

Elaenia

     flavogaster - Yellow-bellied Elaenia (1)
     martinica - Caribbean Elaenia (1)
     spectabilis - Large Elaenia (1)
     ridleyana - Noronha Elaenia (1)
     albiceps - White-crested Elaenia (2)
     parvirostris - Small-billed Elaenia (1)
     mesoleuca - Olivaceous Elaenia (2)
     strepera - Slaty Elaenia (2)
     gigas - Mottle-backed Elaenia (1)
     pelzelni - Brownish Elaenia (1)
     cristata - Plain-crested Elaenia (1)
     chiriquensis - Lesser Elaenia (1)
     ruficeps - Rufous-crowned Elaenia (1)
     frantzii - Mountain Elaenia (1)
     obscura - Highland Elaenia (1)
     dayi - Great Elaenia
     pallatangae - Sierran Elaenia (3)
     fallax - Greater Antillean Elaenia (2)

Ornithion

     semiflavum - Yellow-bellied Tyrannulet (2)
     brunneicapillus - Brown-capped Tyrannulet (2)
     inerme - White-lored Tyrannulet (2)

Camptostoma

     imberbe - Northern Beardless Tyrannulet (4)
     obsoletum - Southern Beardless Tyrannulet (2)

Suiriri

     suiriri - Chaco Suiriri (2)
     islerorum - Chapada Suiriri (1)

Mecocerculus

     leucophrys - White-throated Tyrannulet (2)
     poecilocercus - White-tailed Tyrannulet (1)
     hellmayri - Buff-banded Tyrannulet (1)
     calopterus - Rufous-winged Tyrannulet (2)
     minor - Sulphur-bellied Tyrannulet (1)
     stictopterus - White-banded Tyrannulet (2)

Anairetes

     nigrocristatus - Black-crested Tit-Tyrant (1)
     reguloides - Pied-crested Tit-Tyrant (2)
     alpinus - Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant
     flavirostris - Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant (1)
     parulus - Tufted Tit-Tyrant (2)
     fernandezianus - Juan Fernandez Tit-Tyrant (2)
     agilis - Agile Tit-Tyrant (2)
     agraphia - Unstreaked Tit-Tyrant (2)

Serpophaga

     cinerea - Torrent Tyrannulet (2)
     hypoleuca - River Tyrannulet (1)
     nigricans - Sooty Tyrannulet (1)
     subcristata - White-crested Tyrannulet (2)
     munda - White-bellied Tyrannulet (1)

Phaeomyias

     murina - Mouse-colored Tyrannulet (2)

Capsiempis

     flaveola - Yellow Tyrannulet (2)

Polystictus

     pectoralis - Bearded Tachuri (2)
     superciliaris - Grey-backed Tachuri (2)

Nesotriccus

     ridgwayi - Cocos Flycatcher (2)

Pseudocolopteryx

     dinelliana - Dinelli's Doradito (1)
     sclateri - Crested Doradito (3)
     acutipennis - Subtropical Doradito (1)
     flaviventris - Warbling Doradito (3)

Pseudotriccus

     pelzelni - Bronze-olive Pygmy Tyrant (1)
     simplex - Hazel-fronted Pygmy Tyrant
     ruficeps - Rufous-headed Pygmy Tyrant (2)

Corythopis

     torquatus - Ringed Antpipit (1)
     delalandi - Southern Antpipit (2)

Euscarthmus

     meloryphus - Tawny-crowned Pygmy Tyrant (2)
     rufomarginatus - Rufous-sided Pygmy Tyrant (1)

Pseudelaenia

     leucospodia - Grey-and-white Tyrannulet

Stigmatura

     napensis - Lesser Wagtail-Tyrant (2)
     budytoides - Greater Wagtail-Tyrant (3)

Zimmerius

     vilissimus - Paltry Tyrannulet (3)
     bolivianus - Bolivian Tyrannulet (1)
     cinereicapilla - Red-billed Tyrannulet (1)
     villarejoi - Mishana Tyrannulet
     gracilipes - Slender-footed Tyrannulet (2)
     chrysops - Golden-faced Tyrannulet (2)
     viridiflavus - Peruvian Tyrannulet (4)

Phylloscartes

     poecilotis - Variegated Bristle Tyrant (1)
     chapmani - Chapman's Bristle Tyrant
     ophthalmicus - Marble-faced Bristle Tyrant (1)
     orbitalis - Spectacled Bristle Tyrant
     venezuelanus - Venezuelan Bristle Tyrant
     lanyoni - Antioquia Bristle Tyrant
     eximius - Southern Bristle Tyrant (2)
     ventralis - Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet (1)
     ceciliae - Alagoas Tyrannulet (1)
     kronei - Restinga Tyrannulet (1)
     beckeri - Bahia Tyrannulet
     flavovirens - Panamanian Tyrannulet (1)
     virescens - Olive-green Tyrannulet (1)
     gualaquizae - Ecuadorian Tyrannulet (2)
     nigrifrons - Black-fronted Tyrannulet
     superciliaris - Rufous-browed Tyrannulet (3)
     flaviventris - Rufous-lored Tyrannulet
     parkeri - Cinnamon-faced Tyrannulet (1)
     roquettei - Minas Gerais Tyrannulet (1)
     paulista - Sao Paulo Tyrannulet (2)
     oustaleti - Oustalet's Tyrannulet (1)
     difficilis - Serra do Mar Tyrannulet (2)
     sylviolus - Bay-ringed Tyrannulet (1)

Mionectes

     striaticollis - Streak-necked Flycatcher (3)
     olivaceus - Olive-striped Flycatcher (2)
     oleagineus - Ochre-bellied Flycatcher (2)
     macconnelli - McConnell's Flycatcher (1)
     rufiventris - Grey-hooded Flycatcher (1)

Leptopogon

     amaurocephalus - Sepia-capped Flycatcher (1)
     superciliaris - Slaty-capped Flycatcher (2)
     rufipectus - Rufous-breasted Flycatcher (2)
     taczanowskii - Inca Flycatcher (1)

Sublegatus

     arenarum - Northern Scrub Flycatcher (2)
     obscurior - Amazonian Scrub Flycatcher (1)
     modestus - Southern Scrub Flycatcher (1)

Inezia

     tenuirostris - Slender-billed Inezia
     inornata - Plain Inezia (1)
     subflava - Amazonian Inezia (1)
     caudata - Pale-tipped Inezia (1)

Myiophobus

     flavicans - Flavescent Flycatcher (1)
     phoenicomitra - Orange-crested Flycatcher (1)
     inornatus - Unadorned Flycatcher
     roraimae - Roraiman Flycatcher (2)
     pulcher - Handsome Flycatcher (2)
     lintoni - Orange-banded Flycatcher (1)
     ochraceiventris - Ochraceous-breasted Flycatcher
     cryptoxanthus - Olive-chested Flycatcher
     fasciatus - Bran-colored Flycatcher (3)

Myiotriccus

     ornatus - Ornate Flycatcher (2)

Tachuris

     rubrigastra - Many-colored Rush Tyrant (4)

Culicivora

     caudacuta - Sharp-tailed Grass Tyrant (2)

Hemitriccus

     diops - Drab-breasted Bamboo Tyrant (1)
     obsoletus - Brown-breasted Bamboo Tyrant (1)
     flammulatus - Flammulated Bamboo Tyrant
     minor - Snethlage's Tody-Tyrant (1)
     spodiops - Yungas Tody-Tyrant
     josephinae - Boat-billed Tody-Tyrant (1)
     zosterops - White-eyed Tody-Tyrant (1)
     griseipectus - White-bellied Tody-Tyrant (1)
     minimus - Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant (1)
     orbitatus - Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant (2)
     iohannis - Johannes's Tody-Tyrant (1)
     striaticollis - Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant (1)
     nidipendulus - Hangnest Tody-Tyrant (2)
     margaritaceiventer - Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant (3)
     inornatus - Pelzeln's Tody-Tyrant
     granadensis - Black-throated Tody-Tyrant (2)
     mirandae - Buff-breasted Tody-Tyrant (1)
     cinnamomeipectus - Cinnamon-breasted Tody-Tyrant (3)
     kaempferi - Kaempfer's Tody-Tyrant (1)
     rufigularis - Buff-throated Tody-Tyrant
     furcatus - Fork-tailed Tody-Tyrant (1)

Myiornis

     auricularis - Eared Pygmy Tyrant (2)
     albiventris - White-bellied Pygmy Tyrant
     atricapillus - Black-capped Pygmy Tyrant (1)
     ecaudatus - Short-tailed Pygmy Tyrant (3)

Oncostoma

     cinereigulare - Northern Bentbill (1)
     olivaceum - Southern Bentbill (2)

Lophotriccus

     pileatus - Scale-crested Pygmy Tyrant (3)
     eulophotes - Long-crested Pygmy Tyrant (1)
     vitiosus - Double-banded Pygmy Tyrant (2)
     galeatus - Helmeted Pygmy Tyrant (1)

Atalotriccus

     pilaris - Pale-eyed Pygmy Tyrant (3)

Poecilotriccus

     ruficeps - Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher (2)
     luluae - Lulu's Tody-Flycatcher
     albifacies - White-cheeked Tody-Flycatcher (1)
     capitalis - Black-and-white Tody-Flycatcher (2)
     senex - Buff-cheeked Tody-Flycatcher
     russatus - Ruddy Tody-Flycatcher (1)
     plumbeiceps - Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher (1)
     fumifrons - Smoky-fronted Tody-Flycatcher (1)
     latirostris - Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher (1)
     sylvia - Slaty-headed Tody-Flycatcher (1)
     calopterus - Golden-winged Tody-Flycatcher (2)

Taeniotriccus

     andrei - Black-chested Tyrant (1)

Todirostrum

     maculatum - Spotted Tody-Flycatcher (3)
     poliocephalum - Yellow-lored Tody-Flycatcher (1)
     cinereum - Common Tody-Flycatcher (2)
     viridanum - Maracaibo Tody-Flycatcher (1)
     pictum - Painted Tody-Flycatcher (1)
     chrysocrotaphum - Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher (1)
     nigriceps - Black-headed Tody-Flycatcher (2)

Cnipodectes

     subbrunneus - Brownish Twistwing (2)

Rhynchocyclus

     brevirostris - Eye-ringed Flatbill (1)
     olivaceus - Olivaceous Flatbill (3)
     pacificus - Pacific Flatbill
     fulvipectus - Fulvous-breasted Flatbill (1)

Tolmomyias

     sulphurescens - Yellow-olive Flatbill (3)
     traylori - Orange-eyed Flatbill
     assimilis - Zimmer's Flatbill (1)
     poliocephalus - Grey-crowned Flatbill (1)
     flaviventris - Ochre-lored Flatbill (3)

Platyrinchus

     saturatus - Cinnamon-crested Spadebill (1)
     cancrominus - Stub-tailed Spadebill (2)
     mystaceus - White-throated Spadebill (2)
     coronatus - Golden-crowned Spadebill (2)
     flavigularis - Yellow-throated Spadebill (1)
     platyrhynchos - White-crested Spadebill (1)
     leucoryphus - Russet-winged Spadebill (2)

Onychorhynchus

     coronatus - Royal Flycatcher (5)

Myiobius

     villosus - Tawny-breasted Myiobius (5)
     barbatus - Whiskered Myiobius (4)
     atricaudus - Black-tailed Myiobius (1)

Terenotriccus

     erythrurus - Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher (3)

Neopipo

     cinnamomea - Cinnamon Neopipo (3)

Pyrrhomyias

     cinnamomeus - Cinnamon Flycatcher (4)

Hirundinea

     ferruginea - Cliff Flycatcher (6)

Lathrotriccus

     euleri - Euler's Flycatcher (1)
     griseipectus - Grey-breasted Flycatcher (2)

Aphanotriccus

     capitalis - Tawny-chested Flycatcher (2)
     audax - Black-billed Flycatcher (1)

Cnemotriccus

     fuscatus - Fuscous Flycatcher (1)

Xenotriccus

     callizonus - Belted Flycatcher (1)
     mexicanus - Pileated Flycatcher (1)

Sayornis

     phoebe - Eastern Phoebe (3)
     nigricans - Black Phoebe (4)
     saya - Say's Phoebe (3)

Mitrephanes

     phaeocercus - Northern Tufted Flycatcher (2)
     olivaceus - Olive Tufted Flycatcher

Contopus

     cooperi - Olive-sided Flycatcher (1)
     pertinax - Greater Pewee (1)
     lugubris - Dark Pewee (1)
     fumigatus - Smoke-colored Pewee (1)
     ochraceus - Ochraceous Pewee (1)
     sordidulus - Western Wood Pewee (3)
     virens - Eastern Wood Pewee (4)
     cinereus - Tropical Pewee (2)
     albogularis - White-throated Pewee (1)
     nigrescens - Blackish Pewee (1)
     caribaeus - Cuban Pewee (2)
     hispaniolensis - Hispaniolan Pewee (1)
     pallidus - Jamaican Pewee (2)
     latirostris - Lesser Antillean Pewee (1)

Empidonax

     flaviventris - Yellow-bellied Flycatcher (2)
     virescens - Acadian Flycatcher (3)
     traillii - Willow Flycatcher (3)
     alnorum - Alder Flycatcher (2)
     albigularis - White-throated Flycatcher (1)
     minimus - Least Flycatcher (3)
     hammondii - Hammond's Flycatcher (2)
     oberholseri - Dusky Flycatcher (3)
     wrightii - Grey Flycatcher (2)
     affinis - Pine Flycatcher (2)
     difficilis - Pacific-slope Flycatcher (4)
     occidentalis - Cordilleran Flycatcher (1)
     flavescens - Yellowish Flycatcher (1)
     fulvifrons - Buff-breasted Flycatcher (4)
     atriceps - Black-capped Flycatcher (1)

Pyrocephalus

     rubinus - Vermilion Flycatcher (11)

Lessonia

     rufa - Patagonian Negrito (6)
     oreas - Andean Negrito (3)

Knipolegus

     striaticeps - Cinereous Tyrant (3)
     hudsoni - Hudson's Black Tyrant (1)
     poecilocercus - Amazonian Black Tyrant (1)
     signatus - Andean Tyrant (1)
     cyanirostris - Blue-billed Black Tyrant (2)
     poecilurus - Rufous-tailed Tyrant (1)
     orenocensis - Riverside Tyrant (1)
     aterrimus - White-winged Black Tyrant (2)
     lophotes - Crested Black Tyrant (1)
     nigerrimus - Velvety Black Tyrant (3)

Hymenops

     perspicillatus - Spectacled Tyrant (5)

Ochthornis

     littoralis - Drab Water Tyrant (1)

Satrapa

     icterophrys - Yellow-browed Tyrant (1)

Muscisaxicola

     fluviatilis - Little Ground Tyrant (1)
     maculirostris - Spot-billed Ground Tyrant (3)
     griseus - Plain-capped Ground Tyrant (1)
     juninensis - Puna Ground Tyrant (1)
     cinereus - Cinereous Ground Tyrant (2)
     albifrons - White-fronted Ground Tyrant (1)
     flavinucha - Ochre-naped Ground Tyrant (1)
     rufivertex - Rufous-naped Ground Tyrant (2)
     maclovianus - Dark-faced Ground Tyrant (2)
     albilora - White-browed Ground Tyrant (1)
     alpinus - Paramo Ground Tyrant (1)
     capistratus - Cinnamon-bellied Ground Tyrant (1)
     frontalis - Black-fronted Ground Tyrant (2)

Agriornis

     montanus - Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant (4)
     albicauda - White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant (1)
     lividus - Great Shrike-Tyrant (4)
     micropterus - Grey-bellied Shrike-Tyrant (1)
     murinus - Lesser Shrike-Tyrant (1)

Xolmis

     pyrope - Fire-eyed Diucon (1)
     cinereus - Grey Monjita (3)
     coronatus - Black-crowned Monjita (1)
     velatus - White-rumped Monjita (1)
     irupero - White Monjita (2)
     rubetra - Rusty-backed Monjita (3)

Heteroxolmis

     dominicanus - Black-and-white Monjita (2)

Myiotheretes

     striaticollis - Streak-throated Bush Tyrant (5)
     pernix - Santa Marta Bush Tyrant (1)
     fumigatus - Smoky Bush Tyrant (1)
     fuscorufus - Rufous-bellied Bush Tyrant (1)

Cnemarchus

     erythropygius - Red-rumped Bush Tyrant (4)

Polioxolmis

     rufipennis - Rufous-webbed Bush Tyrant (1)

Neoxolmis

     rufiventris - Chocolate-vented Tyrant (3)

Gubernetes

     yetapa - Streamer-tailed Tyrant (2)

Muscipipra

     vetula - Shear-tailed Grey Tyrant (3)

Fluvicola

     pica - Pied Water Tyrant (3)
     nengeta - Masked Water Tyrant (3)

Arundinicola

     leucocephala - White-headed Marsh Tyrant (5)

Alectrurus

     tricolor - Cock-tailed Tyrant (4)
     risora - Strange-tailed Tyrant (4)

Tumbezia

     salvini - Tumbes Tyrant (1)

Ochthoeca

     frontalis - Crowned Chat-Tyrant (2)
     pulchella - Golden-browed Chat-Tyrant (1)
     diadema - Yellow-bellied Chat-Tyrant (2)
     jelskii - Jelski's Chat-Tyrant
     cinnamomeiventris - Slaty-backed Chat-Tyrant (1)
     rufipectoralis - Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant (1)
     fumicolor - Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant (1)
     oenanthoides - D'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant (1)
     leucophrys - White-browed Chat-Tyrant (2)
     piurae - Piura Chat-Tyrant

Colorhamphus

     parvirostris - Patagonian Tyrant (2)

Colonia

     colonus - Long-tailed Tyrant (4)

Muscigralla

     brevicauda - Short-tailed Field Tyrant (2)

Machetornis

     rixosa - Cattle Tyrant (4)

Legatus

     leucophaius - Piratic Flycatcher (3)

Phelpsia

     inornata - White-bearded Flycatcher (1)

Myiozetetes

     cayanensis - Rusty-margined Flycatcher (2)
     similis - Social Flycatcher (9)
     granadensis - Grey-capped Flycatcher (1)
     luteiventris - Dusky-chested Flycatcher (1)

Pitangus

     sulphuratus - Great Kiskadee (6)
     lictor - Lesser Kiskadee (3)

Conopias

     albovittatus - White-ringed Flycatcher (2)
     trivirgatus - Three-striped Flycatcher (2)
     cinchoneti - Lemon-browed Flycatcher (2)

Myiodynastes

     hemichrysus - Golden-bellied Flycatcher (2)
     chrysocephalus - Golden-crowned Flycatcher (3)
     bairdii - Baird's Flycatcher (1)
     luteiventris - Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher (1)
     maculatus - Streaked Flycatcher (5)

Megarynchus

     pitangua - Boat-billed Flycatcher (5)

Tyrannopsis

     sulphurea - Sulphury Flycatcher (1)

Empidonomus

     varius - Variegated Flycatcher (3)
     aurantioatrocristatus - Crowned Slaty Flycatcher (2)

Tyrannus

     niveigularis - Snowy-throated Kingbird (1)
     albogularis - White-throated Kingbird (1)
     melancholicus - Tropical Kingbird (4)
     couchii - Couch's Kingbird (1)
     vociferans - Cassin's Kingbird (2)
     crassirostris - Thick-billed Kingbird (1)
     verticalis - Western Kingbird (4)
     forficatus - Scissor-tailed Flycatcher (6)
     savana - Fork-tailed Flycatcher (6)
     tyrannus - Eastern Kingbird (5)
     dominicensis - Grey Kingbird (4)
     cubensis - Giant Kingbird (1)
     caudifasciatus - Loggerhead Kingbird (6)

Rhytipterna

     simplex - Greyish Mourner (2)
     immunda - Pale-bellied Mourner (1)
     holerythra - Rufous Mourner (2)

Sirystes

     sibilator - Sirystes (5)

Casiornis

     rufus - Rufous Casiornis (2)
     fuscus - Ash-throated Casiornis (1)

Myiarchus

     semirufus - Rufous Flycatcher (1)
     yucatanensis - Yucatan Flycatcher (1)
     barbirostris - Sad Flycatcher (3)
     tuberculifer - Dusky-capped Flycatcher (5)
     swainsoni - Swainson's Flycatcher (2)
     venezuelensis - Venezuelan Flycatcher (1)
     panamensis - Panamanian Flycatcher (1)
     ferox - Short-crested Flycatcher (3)
     apicalis - Apical Flycatcher (2)
     cephalotes - Pale-edged Flycatcher (2)
     phaeocephalus - Sooty-crowned Flycatcher (1)
     cinerascens - Ash-throated Flycatcher (4)
     nuttingi - Nutting's Flycatcher (1)
     crinitus - Great Crested Flycatcher (3)
     tyrannulus - Brown-crested Flycatcher (4)
     magnirostris - Galapagos Flycatcher (2)
     nugator - Grenada Flycatcher (1)
     validus - Rufous-tailed Flycatcher (5)
     sagrae - La Sagra's Flycatcher (2)
     stolidus - Stolid Flycatcher (3)
     antillarum - Puerto Rican Flycatcher (1)
     oberi - Lesser Antillean Flycatcher (1)

Deltarhynchus

     flammulatus - Flammulated Flycatcher (4)

Ramphotrigon

     megacephalum - Bamboo Flatbill (1)
     ruficauda - Rufous-tailed Flatbill (2)
     fuscicauda - Dusky-tailed Flatbill (1)

Attila

     phoenicurus - Rufous-tailed Attila (1)
     cinnamomeus - Cinnamon Attila (2)
     torridus - Ochraceous Attila
     citriniventris - Citron-bellied Attila (2)
     bolivianus - White-eyed Attila (1)
     rufus - Grey-hooded Attila (2)
     spadiceus - Bright-rumped Attila (3)

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