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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Tapaculos

Scientific system: Howard et al.

Familia: Rhinocryptidae

You can get "Checklist of the Tapaculos of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


The family of Tapaculos is limited to Central and South America. Their height ranges from 10 cm to 24 cm. They have plump bodies, small round wings, and a relatively long tail that is usually stilted. The legs are quite long with large, powerful feet and long claws. The lid-like closures of the nostrils, which led to the family's Latin name, are remarkable. Tapaculos very rarely fly, but they run around nimbly. With some species the calls are surprisingly loud. They live on insects and seeds, which they scratch the ground for. Their nests are always well hidden in cavities or crevices.

Pteroptochos

     castaneus - Chestnut-throated Huet-huet (1)
     tarnii - Black-throated Huet-huet (3)
     megapodius - Moustached Turca (1)

Scelorchilus

     albicollis - White-throated Tapaculo (1)
     rubecula - Chucao Tapaculo (3)

Rhinocrypta

     lanceolata - Crested Gallito (3)

Teledromas

     fuscus - Sandy Gallito (2)

Liosceles

     thoracicus - Rusty-belted Tapaculo (2)

Melanopareia

     torquata - Collared Crescentchest (1)
     maximiliani - Olive-crowned Crescentchest (2)
     maranonica - Maranon Crescentchest
     elegans - Elegant Crescentchest (3)

Psilorhamphus

     guttatus - Spotted Bamboowren (1)

Merulaxis

     ater - Slaty Bristlefront (3)
     stresemanni - Stresemann's Bristlefront

Eugralla

     paradoxa - Ochre-flanked Tapaculo (2)

Myornis

     senilis - Ash-colored Tapaculo

Scytalopus

     latrans - Blackish Tapaculo (2)
     unicolor - Unicolored Tapaculo
     parvirostris - Trilling Tapaculo
     speluncae - Mouse-colored Tapaculo (3)
     iraiensis - Marsh Tapaculo
     macropus - Large-footed Tapaculo
     sanctaemartae - Santa Marta Tapaculo
     micropterus - Long-tailed Tapaculo (1)
     femoralis - Rufous-vented Tapaculo
     atratus - Northern White-crowned Tapaculo (1)
     bolivianus - Bolivian White-crowned Tapaculo
     argentifrons - Silvery-fronted Tapaculo (1)
     panamensis - Tacarcuna Tapaculo (1)
     chocoensis - Choco Tapaculo (1)
     robbinsi - El Oro Tapaculo
     vicinior - Narino Tapaculo (1)
     latebricola - Brown-rumped Tapaculo
     fuscicauda - Lara Tapaculo
     meridanus - Merida Tapaculo
     caracae - Caracas Tapaculo
     spillmanni - Spillmann's Tapaculo
     parkeri - Chusquea Tapaculo (1)
     novacapitalis - Brasilia Tapaculo (1)
     indigoticus - White-breasted Tapaculo (2)
     psychopompus - Bahia Tapaculo (1)
     magellanicus - Magellanic Tapaculo (1)
     griseicollis - Rufous-rumped Tapaculo (1)
     altirostris - Neblina Tapaculo
     affinis - Ancash Tapaculo
     acutirostris - Tschudi's Tapaculo
     urubambae - Vilcabamba Tapaculo
     simonsi - Puna Tapaculo
     zimmeri - Zimmer's Tapaculo
     superciliaris - White-browed Tapaculo (2)
     fuscus - Dusky Tapaculo (2)
     canus - Paramillo Tapaculo (1)
     schulenbergi - Diademed Tapaculo

Acropternis

     orthonyx - Ocellated Tapaculo (4)

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