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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Larks

Scientific system: Howard et al.

Familia: Alaudidae

You can get "Checklist of the Larks of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


The family of Larks occurs all over the world with the exception of New Zealand and many islands. Larks are rather small birds (12 cm - 23 cm). In most species, the claw of the hind toe is long and pointed. They love open terrain and advance into the hottest deserts. They look for food on the ground and eat insects, snails, seeds and buds. The fluid requirement is often met from food. Some species protect their nest hollow on the windward side with a little stone wall. The chicks are looked after by both parents; the nestling period is very short.

Mirafra

     cantillans - Singing Bush Lark (2)
     javanica - Horsfield's Bush Lark (3)
     hova - Madagascar Lark (1)
     passerina - Monotonous Lark (2)
     albicauda - White-tailed Lark (1)
     cheniana - Melodious Lark (1)
     cordofanica - Kordofan Lark (1)
     williamsi - Williams's Lark (1)
     pulpa - Friedmann's Lark (1)
     africana - Rufous-naped Lark (5)
     hypermetra - Red-winged Lark (1)
     somalica - Somali Lark (1)
     ashi - Ash's Lark (1)
     angolensis - Angola Lark (1)
     rufocinnamomea - Flappet Lark (1)
     apiata - Clapper Lark (3)
     africanoides - Fawn-colored Lark (2)
     collaris - Collared Lark (1)
     assamica - Bengal Bush Lark (1)
     affinis - Jerdon's Bush Lark (1)
     microptera - Burmese Bush Lark (1)
     erythrocephala - Indochinese Bush Lark (1)
     rufa - Rusty Bush Lark (1)
     gilletti - Gillett's Lark (2)
     degodiensis - Degodi Lark
     poecilosterna - Pink-breasted Lark (1)
     sabota - Sabota Lark (4)
     erythroptera - Indian Bush Lark (2)

Heteromirafra

     ruddi - Rudd's Lark (1)
     archeri - Archer's Lark (2)
     sidamoensis - Sidamo Lark

Certhilauda

     benguelensis - Benguela Long-billed Lark (1)
     subcoronata - Karoo Long-billed Lark (2)
     semitorquata - Eastern Long-billed Lark (1)
     curvirostris - Cape Long-billed Lark (2)
     brevirostris - Agulhas Long-billed Lark (1)
     chuana - Short-clawed Lark (1)
     albescens - Karoo Lark (1)
     erythrochlamys - Dune Lark (3)
     burra - Red Lark (2)

Pinarocorys

     nigricans - Dusky Lark (3)
     erythropygia - Rufous-rumped Lark (2)

Chersomanes

     albofasciata - Spike-heeled Lark (4)

Alaemon

     alaudipes - Greater Hoopoe-Lark (2)
     hamertoni - Lesser Hoopoe-Lark (1)

Ramphocoris

     clotbey - Thick-billed Lark (2)

Melanocorypha

     calandra - Calandra Lark (4)
     bimaculata - Bimaculated Lark (4)
     mongolica - Mongolian Lark (2)
     maxima - Tibetan Lark (1)
     leucoptera - White-winged Lark (3)
     yeltoniensis - Black Lark (1)

Ammomanes

     cinctura - Bar-tailed Lark (2)
     phoenicura - Rufous-tailed Lark (1)
     deserti - Desert Lark (2)
     grayi - Gray's Lark (3)

Calandrella

     brachydactyla - Greater Short-toed Lark (6)
     blanfordi - Blanford's Short-toed Lark (1)
     cinerea - Red-capped Lark (4)
     acutirostris - Hume's Short-toed Lark (1)
     raytal - Sand Lark (2)
     rufescens - Lesser Short-toed Lark (5)
     cheleensis - Asian Short-toed Lark (1)
     somalica - Somali Short-toed Lark (1)

Spizocorys

     conirostris - Pink-billed Lark (1)
     fringillaris - Botha's Lark (1)
     sclateri - Sclater's Lark (2)
     obbiensis - Obbia Lark (1)
     personata - Masked Lark (1)

Eremalauda

     dunni - Dunn's Lark (1)
     starki - Stark's Lark (1)

Chersophilus

     duponti - Dupont's Lark (2)

Pseudalaemon

     fremantlii - Short-tailed Lark (2)

Galerida

     cristata - Crested Lark (10)
     theklae - Thekla Lark (5)
     malabarica - Malabar Lark (2)
     deva - Sykes's Lark (1)
     modesta - Sun Lark (1)
     magnirostris - Large-billed Lark (2)

Lullula

     arborea - Woodlark (5)

Alauda

     arvensis - Eurasian Skylark (13)
     gulgula - Oriental Skylark (1)
     razae - Raso Lark (2)

Eremopterix

     australis - Black-eared Sparrow-Lark (3)
     leucotis - Chestnut-backed Sparrow-Lark (3)
     signatus - Chestnut-headed Sparrow-Lark (3)
     verticalis - Grey-backed Sparrow-Lark (2)
     nigriceps - Black-crowned Sparrow-Lark (3)
     griseus - Ashy-crowned Sparrow-Lark (1)
     leucopareia - Fischer's Sparrow-Lark (2)

Eremophila

     alpestris - Horned Lark (7)
     bilopha - Temminck's Lark (2)

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