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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Nuthatches

Scientific system: Howard et al.

Familia: Sittidae

You can get "Checklist of the Nuthatches of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


The family of Nuthatches occurs in North America and Eurasia. They are rather small birds with a body length of 10.5 cm to 19.5 cm. The wings are long, the tail and legs are short, and the toes are relatively long. The beak is long, straight, pointed and quite powerful. Many species have a dark streak through the eyes. Nuthatches can also walk head down. They nest in caves in trees or rocks. The entrance is often plastered with mud. Or they build clay nests with a small entrance tube.

Sitta

     europaea - Eurasian Nuthatch (14)
     nagaensis - Chestnut-vented Nuthatch (2)
     cashmirensis - Kashmir Nuthatch (1)
     castanea - Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch (4)
     himalayensis - White-tailed Nuthatch (1)
     victoriae - White-browed Nuthatch (1)
     pygmaea - Pygmy Nuthatch (3)
     pusilla - Brown-headed Nuthatch (3)
     whiteheadi - Corsican Nuthatch (8)
     ledanti - Algerian Nuthatch (1)
     krueperi - Krüper's Nuthatch (6)
     yunnanensis - Yunnan Nuthatch (2)
     canadensis - Red-breasted Nuthatch (5)
     villosa - Chinese Nuthatch (1)
     leucopsis - White-cheeked Nuthatch (3)
     carolinensis - White-breasted Nuthatch (7)
     neumayer - Western Rock Nuthatch (7)
     tephronota - Eastern Rock Nuthatch (3)
     frontalis - Velvet-fronted Nuthatch (2)
     solangiae - Yellow-billed Nuthatch (1)
     oenochlamys - Sulphur-billed Nuthatch (3)
     azurea - Blue Nuthatch (1)
     magna - Giant Nuthatch (1)
     formosa - Beautiful Nuthatch (2)

Tichodroma

     muraria - Wallcreeper (8)

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