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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Penguins

Scientific system: Clements et al.

Familia: Spheniscidae

You can get "Checklist of the Penguins of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


The family of penguins is found in Antarctica, New Zealand, on the southern coasts of the southern continents and on the Galapagos. They grow 40 cm to 125 cm tall. The wings are paddle-shaped and not collapsible. The legs are set short and far back, the three front toes are webbed. The plumage is very dense. Their habitat are the sea coasts. They are flightless but do excellent diving and swim using their wings. They are unskillfull on land. Their food is fish, squids and crabs. The female lays 1 to 3 eggs that are incubated by both parents. In some species, the young gather in large groups of up to 200 animals, which, however, are only supplied with regurgitated food by their own parents.

Aptenodytes

     patagonicus - King Penguin (3)
     forsteri - Emperor Penguin (3)

Pygoscelis

     adeliae - Adelie Penguin (6)
     papua - Gentoo Penguin (4)
     antarcticus - Chinstrap Penguin (6)

Megadyptes

     antipodes - Yellow-eyed Penguin (3)

Eudyptula

     minor - Fairy Penguin (5)

Spheniscus

     demersus - Jackass Penguin (10)
     humboldti - Humboldt Penguin (6)
     mendiculus - Galapagos Penguin (4)
     magellanicus - Magellanic Penguin (4)

Eudyptes

     pachyrhynchus - Fiordland Penguin (2)
     sclateri - Erect-crested Penguin (2)
     chrysolophus - Macaroni Penguin (4)
     schlegeli - Royal Penguin (2)
     chrysocome - Southern Rockhopper Penguin (5)
     moxeleyi - Moseley's Rockhopper Penguin (1)
     robustus - Snares Penguin (1)

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