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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Tinamous

Scientific system: Clements et al.

Familia: Tinamidae

You can get "Checklist of the Tinamous of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


The family of Tinamus is native to Central America and South America. The size is between 14 cm and 49 cm. The form is very compact and the tail is almost invisible. The wings are very short. The beak is relatively short and curved downwards. Tinamus have the smallest hearts and lungs of any bird. Their habitat is on the one hand tropical forests and on the other hand steppes. In any case, they are distinctive terrestrial birds, which tend to run away in danger rather than fly if they do not decide to wait motionless. As opportunistic omnivores, they find a very wide range of food. Their nests are built on the ground. The eggs are often colored with a porcelain-like sheen; a clutch can contain up to 16 eggs. Incubation by the male takes between 16 and 20 days. The chicks are precocial and can feed themselves in the first few days.

Nothocercus

     julius - Tawny-breasted Tinamou (1)
     bonapartei - Highland Tinamou (2)
     nigrocapillus - Hooded Tinamou (1)

Tinamus

     tao - Grey Tinamou (2)
     solitarius - Solitary Tinamou (4)
     osgoodi - Black Tinamou (1)
     major - Great Tinamou (7)
     guttatus - White-throated Tinamou (3)

Crypturellus

     cinereus - Cinereous Tinamou (2)
     berlepschi - Berlepsch's Tinamou (2)
     soui - Little Tinamou (3)
     ptaritepui - Tepui Tinamou (1)
     obsoletus - Brown Tinamou (4)
     undulatus - Undulated Tinamou (3)
     transfasciatus - Pale-browed Tinamou (2)
     strigulosus - Brazilian Tinamou (2)
     duidae - Grey-legged Tinamou (1)
     erythropus - Red-legged Tinamou (1)
     noctivagus - Yellow-legged Tinamou (2)
     atrocapillus - Black-capped Tinamou (1)
     boucardi - Slaty-breasted Tinamou (1)
     kerriae - Choco Tinamou (1)
     variegatus - Variegated Tinamou (3)
     cinnamomeus - Thicket Tinamou (1)
     brevirostris - Rusty Tinamou (1)
     bartletti - Bartlett's Tinamou (1)
     parvirostris - Small-billed Tinamou (2)
     casiquiare - Barred Tinamou (1)
     tataupa - Tataupa Tinamou (1)

Rhynchotus

     rufescens - Red-winged Tinamou (7)
     maculicollis - Huayco Tinamou (2)

Nothoprocta

     taczanowskii - Taczanowski's Tinamou (1)
     ornata - Ornate Tinamou (1)
     perdicaria - Chilean Tinamou (2)
     cinerascens - Brushland Tinamou (1)
     pentlandii - Andean Tinamou (2)
     curvirostris - Curve-billed Tinamou (1)

Nothura

     boraquira - White-bellied Nothura (2)
     minor - Lesser Nothura (3)
     darwinii - Darwin's Nothura (3)
     maculosa - Spotted Nothura (2)
     chacoensis - Chaco Nothura (1)

Taoniscus

     nanus - Dwarf Tinamou (3)

Eudromia

     elegans - Elegant Crested Tinamou (5)
     formosa - Quebracho Crested Tinamou (1)

Tinamotis

     pentlandii - Puna Tinamou (2)
     ingoufi - Patagonian Tinamou (4)

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