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 Avidiversity  AVITOPIA - Herons

Scientific system: Clements et al.

Familia: Ardeidae

You can get "Checklist of the Herons of Planet Earth" as an e-book here.


The heron family of Herons occurs on all continents and on many islands. The body length ranges from 28 nm to 140 cm. The wings are large, the tail is short. Legs, toes and neck are long, the latter has a characteristic S-shape. They feed mainly on fish, but also eat other small animals. They mostly breed in colonies. The food brought in is regurgitated in front of the chicks.

Botaurus

     pinnatus - Pinnated Bittern (3)
     lentiginosus - American Bittern (4)
     stellaris - Eurasian Bittern (6)
     poiciloptilus - Australasian Bittern (3)

Zebrilus

     undulatus - Zigzag Heron (4)

Ixobrychus

     sinensis - Yellow Bittern (1)
     minutus - Little Bittern (6)
     dubius - Black-backed Bittern (1)
     novaezelandiae - New Zealand Bittern (3)
     eurhythmus - Von Schrenck's Bittern (6)
     cinnamomeus - Cinnamon Bittern (1)
     sturmii - Dwarf Bittern (3)
     flavicollis - Black Bittern (4)
     exilis - Least Bittern (3)
     involucris - Stripe-backed Bittern (2)

Tigrisoma

     lineatum - Rufescent Tiger Heron (5)
     fasciatum - Fasciated Tiger Heron (2)
     mexicanum - Bare-throated Tiger Heron (3)

Zonerodius

     heliosylus - Forest Bittern (3)

Tigriornis

     leucolopha - White-crested Tiger Heron (2)

Ardea

     herodias - Great Blue Heron (13)
     cinerea - Grey Heron (16)
     cocoi - Cocoi Heron (5)
     pacifica - White-necked Heron (2)
     melanocephala - Black-headed Heron (5)
     humbloti - Humblot's Heron (2)
     insignis - White-bellied Heron (1)
     sumatrana - Great-billed Heron (2)
     goliath - Goliath Heron (5)
     purpurea - Purple Heron (10)
     alba - Great Egret (20)
     intermedia - Yellow-billed Egret (3)

Egretta

     novaehollandiae - White-faced Heron (3)
     eulophotes - Chinese Egret (3)
     garzetta - Little Egret (10)
     gularis - Western Reef Heron (8)
     sacra - Pacific Reef Heron (3)
     thula - Snowy Egret (7)
     caerulea - Little Blue Heron (6)
     tricolor - Tricolored Heron (8)
     rufescens - Reddish Egret (3)
     picata - Pied Heron (2)
     vinaceigula - Slaty Egret (2)
     ardesiaca - Black Heron (6)

Bubulcus

     ibis - Cattle Egret (11)

Ardeola

     ralloides - Squacco Heron (7)
     grayii - Indian Pond Heron (1)
     bacchus - Chinese Pond Heron (4)
     speciosa - Javan Pond Heron (3)
     idae - Malagasy Pond Heron (3)
     rufiventris - Rufous-bellied Heron (4)

Butorides

     virescens - Green Heron (8)
     striata - Striated Heron (11)

Agamia

     agami - Agami Heron (3)

Syrigma

     sibilatrix - Whistling Heron (3)

Pilherodius

     pileatus - Capped Heron (3)

Nycticorax

     nycticorax - Black-crowned Night Heron (12)
     caledonicus - Rufous Night Heron (6)

Nyctanassa

     violacea - Yellow-crowned Night Heron (9)

Gorsachius

     leuconotus - White-backed Night Heron (4)
     magnificus - White-eared Night Heron (2)
     goisagi - Japanese Night Heron (2)
     melanolophus - Malayan Night Heron (1)

Cochlearius

     cochlearius - Boat-billed heron (8)

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